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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Bjbp Jóms 13I

Emily Lethbridge (ed.) 2012, ‘Bjarni byskup Kolbeinsson, Jómsvíkingadrápa 13’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 970.

Bjarni byskup KolbeinssonJómsvíkingadrápa
121314

bǫð ‘battle’

bǫð (noun f.; °-s; -): battle < bǫðmildr (adj.)

notes

[2] bǫðmildum ‘battle-liberal’: This echoes heiptmildan ‘strife-liberal’, also describing Sigvaldi, in st. 12/2.

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mildum ‘liberal’

mildr (adj.; °compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr): mild, gentle, gracious, generous < bǫðmildr (adj.)

notes

[2] bǫðmildum ‘battle-liberal’: This echoes heiptmildan ‘strife-liberal’, also describing Sigvaldi, in st. 12/2.

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til ‘into’

til (prep.): to

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hjǫr ‘sword’

hjǫrr (noun m.): sword < hjǫrþryma (noun f.)

kennings

harðrar hjǫrþrymu.
‘hard sword-thunder. ’
   = BATTLE

hard sword-thunder. → BATTLE
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þrymu ‘thunder’

þryma (noun f.): [thunder] < hjǫrþryma (noun f.)

kennings

harðrar hjǫrþrymu.
‘hard sword-thunder. ’
   = BATTLE

hard sword-thunder. → BATTLE
Close

harðrar ‘hard’

harðr (adj.; °comp. -ari; superl. -astr): hard, harsh

kennings

harðrar hjǫrþrymu.
‘hard sword-thunder. ’
   = BATTLE

hard sword-thunder. → BATTLE
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Hafa ‘to have’

hafa (verb): have

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Hávarð ‘Hávarðr’

Hávarðr (noun m.): Hávarðr

notes

[5, 8] Hávarð; Áslák ‘Hávarðr; Áslákr’: Hávarðr hǫggvandi ‘Hewer’ and Áslákr hólmskalli ‘Island-Baldhead’ are said in Jvs (1879, 32) to have been obtained as war-captives by Sigvaldi and Þorkell, sons of Strút-Haraldr, during an expedition to the east (i Austur-ueg), and are described as big, strong men, unyielding and valiant. Presumably it is on this account that Sigvaldi thinks the men will be useful on their expedition. They are portrayed fighting fiercely in st. 26, but are overcome in st. 34. Hólm- ‘Island’ in Áslákr’s nickname could refer specifically to a duelling-ground (Fritzner: holmr 2).

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vilja ‘he wanted’

vilja (verb): want, intend

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hranna ‘of waves’

hrǫnn (noun f.; °; dat. -um): wave

kennings

Brjótr hranna
‘The breaker of waves ’
   = SEAFARER = Búi

The breaker of waves → SEAFARER = Búi

notes

[6] brjótr hranna ‘the breaker of waves [SEAFARER = Búi]’: The kenning clearly refers to Búi but appears to be incomplete. One would expect hranna ‘of waves’ to be part of a kenning such as ‘fire of the waves [GOLD]’, which would form a kenning for ‘generous man’ with brjótr ‘breaker, distributor’ (cf. Meissner 330-1). However, in this context brjótr seems to refer simply to cleaving the waves, and the kenning could refer to Búi as a seafaring warrior from the Baltic (cf. the Skj B translation vikingen ‘the viking’), or could possibly allude to him as a swimmer, famed for leaping from his ship once defeat is inevitable; see Note to st. 26/2 and sts 36-7 and for a possible precedent for a kenning for ‘swimmer’, see Note to Eyv Lv 4/7, 8.

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brjótr ‘The breaker’

brjótr (noun m.): breaker

kennings

Brjótr hranna
‘The breaker of waves ’
   = SEAFARER = Búi

The breaker of waves → SEAFARER = Búi

notes

[6] brjótr hranna ‘the breaker of waves [SEAFARER = Búi]’: The kenning clearly refers to Búi but appears to be incomplete. One would expect hranna ‘of waves’ to be part of a kenning such as ‘fire of the waves [GOLD]’, which would form a kenning for ‘generous man’ with brjótr ‘breaker, distributor’ (cf. Meissner 330-1). However, in this context brjótr seems to refer simply to cleaving the waves, and the kenning could refer to Búi as a seafaring warrior from the Baltic (cf. the Skj B translation vikingen ‘the viking’), or could possibly allude to him as a swimmer, famed for leaping from his ship once defeat is inevitable; see Note to st. 26/2 and sts 36-7 and for a possible precedent for a kenning for ‘swimmer’, see Note to Eyv Lv 4/7, 8.

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gunni ‘the battle’

gunnr (noun f.): battle

notes

[7] hann kvað ‘he said’: Hann is extrametrical. It is possible that it should be removed by normalisation, as is often the case in ms. texts of earlier poetry, but since the metre of Jóms is frequently irregular it is retained here.

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sér ‘to him’

sik (pron.; °gen. sín, dat. sér): (refl. pron.)

notes

[7, 8] líka sér eigi illa ‘was not unpleasing to him’: Lit. ‘to please him not badly’.

Close

kvað ‘said’

2. kveðja (verb): say, greet

notes

[7, 8] líka sér eigi illa ‘was not unpleasing to him’: Lit. ‘to please him not badly’.

Close

hann ‘he’

hann (pron.; °gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana): he, she, it, they, them...

notes

[7] hann kvað ‘he said’: Hann is extrametrical. It is possible that it should be removed by normalisation, as is often the case in ms. texts of earlier poetry, but since the metre of Jóms is frequently irregular it is retained here.

Close

eigi ‘was not’

3. eigi (adv.): not

notes

[7, 8] líka sér eigi illa ‘was not unpleasing to him’: Lit. ‘to please him not badly’.

Close

Ás ‘Ás’

2. Áss (noun m.; °áss, dat. ási/ás; ásar): god < Áslákr (noun m.): Áslákr

notes

[5, 8] Hávarð; Áslák ‘Hávarðr; Áslákr’: Hávarðr hǫggvandi ‘Hewer’ and Áslákr hólmskalli ‘Island-Baldhead’ are said in Jvs (1879, 32) to have been obtained as war-captives by Sigvaldi and Þorkell, sons of Strút-Haraldr, during an expedition to the east (i Austur-ueg), and are described as big, strong men, unyielding and valiant. Presumably it is on this account that Sigvaldi thinks the men will be useful on their expedition. They are portrayed fighting fiercely in st. 26, but are overcome in st. 34. Hólm- ‘Island’ in Áslákr’s nickname could refer specifically to a duelling-ground (Fritzner: holmr 2).

Close

lák ‘lákr’

-lákr (noun m.): [lákr] < Áslákr (noun m.): Áslákr

notes

[5, 8] Hávarð; Áslák ‘Hávarðr; Áslákr’: Hávarðr hǫggvandi ‘Hewer’ and Áslákr hólmskalli ‘Island-Baldhead’ are said in Jvs (1879, 32) to have been obtained as war-captives by Sigvaldi and Þorkell, sons of Strút-Haraldr, during an expedition to the east (i Austur-ueg), and are described as big, strong men, unyielding and valiant. Presumably it is on this account that Sigvaldi thinks the men will be useful on their expedition. They are portrayed fighting fiercely in st. 26, but are overcome in st. 34. Hólm- ‘Island’ in Áslákr’s nickname could refer specifically to a duelling-ground (Fritzner: holmr 2).

Close

líka ‘pleasing’

líkr (adj.): like

notes

[7, 8] líka sér eigi illa ‘was not unpleasing to him’: Lit. ‘to please him not badly’.

Close

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