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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Balti Sigdr 3II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Bǫðvarr balti, Sigurðardrápa 3’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 535.

Bǫðvarr baltiSigurðardrápa

Þar fell allt ok ǫrvir
— ulfr rauð á her dauðum
teðr — í tognings veðri
tveir jǫfrar lið þeira.

Þar fell allt lið þeira ok tveir ǫrvir jǫfrar í {veðri tognings}; ulfr rauð teðr á dauðum her.

There fell their entire force and two audacious princes in {the storm of the sword} [BATTLE]; the wolf reddened its teeth on the dead army.

Mss: Mork(35r) (Mork)

Readings: [3] tognings (‘tavgnings’): corrected from ‘tavgnvngs’ Mork

Editions: Skj AI, 504, Skj BI, 478, Skald I, 234; Mork 1867, 222, Mork 1928-32, 439, Andersson and Gade 2000, 388, 494 (Sslemb).

Context: As sts 1-2 above.

Notes: [All]: Magnús inn blindi was killed during the battle, and Sigurðr slembidjákn was captured, tortured and hanged. See Notes to sts 1/5, 8 and 2/3-4 above. — [1] fell (3rd pers. sg. pret. indic.) ‘fell’: The verb is in the sg. but has a pl. subject (see NS §70). — [3] tognings ‘of the sword’: Hap. leg. See Falk 1914, 62. The word means ‘that which is drawn, pulled’ and is related etymologically to toginn ‘pulled’, p. p. of a strong verb (Gmc *teuhan ‘pull’; see AEW: tog) no longer extant in ON.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  3. AEW = Vries, Jan de. 1962. Altnordisches etymologisches Wörterbuch. 2nd rev. edn. Rpt. 1977. Leiden: Brill.
  4. Andersson, Theodore M. and Kari Ellen Gade, trans. 2000. Morkinskinna: The Earliest Icelandic Chronicle of the Norwegian Kings (1030-1157). Islandica 51. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.
  5. Falk, Hjalmar, ed. 1914a. Sólarljóð. Videnskapsselskapets skrifter II. Hist.-filos. kl. 7. 2 vols. Kristiania (Oslo): Dybwad.
  6. NS = Nygaard, Marius. 1906. Norrøn syntax. Kristiania (Oslo): Aschehoug. Rpt. 1966.
  7. Mork 1928-32 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1928-32. Morkinskinna. SUGNL 53. Copenhagen: Jørgensen.
  8. Mork 1867 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1867. Morkinskinna: Pergamentsbog fra første halvdel af det trettende aarhundrede. Indeholdende en af de ældste optegnelser af norske kongesagaer. Oslo: Bentzen.

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