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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Alpost 7VII

Ian McDougall (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Allra postula minnisvísur 7’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 861-2.

Anonymous PoemsAllra postula minnisvísur
678

fagnað ‘joy’

fǫgnuðr (noun m.; °fagnaðar; fagnaðir): joy

notes

[1] fagnað: On this dat. sg. form (instead of fagnaði) in u-stems in late texts, see, e.g. Iversen 1961, 70.1, Anm. 1. Kock (Skald) emends to fǫgnuð, a late dat. sg. form of fǫgnuðr.

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öllum ‘all’

allr (adj.): all

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Filippus ‘Philip’

Filippus (noun m.): [Philip]

[2] Filippus: ‘filípus’ 721

notes

[2] Filippus: Ms. ‘filípus’, Finnur Jónsson (Skj A) misreads as ‘philippus’. On S. Philip the Apostle, see Cross and Livingstone 1983, 1080; Widding, Bekker-Nielsen and Shook 1963, 330; Foote 1976, 163-4; Cormack 1994, 151, 244.

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geisli ‘a ray of light’

geisli (noun m.): beam of light

notes

[3] geisli ‘ray of light’: The metaphor very likely plays on the traditional etymology of Philip’s name: os lampadis ‘mouth of the lamp’; cf. Isidore, Etym. 7.9.16 Philippus os lampadarum ‘Philip mouth of lamps’; cf. Brev. 4/5, and hymns for the feast of S. Philip (1 June): e.g. AH 51, 122 (no. 107, v. 5/2); CH, 88; DH, 111. The detail is also included in prayers to Philip (cf. Gjerløw 1980, I, 181 [Mortemer]).

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laði ‘invite’

laða (verb): invite

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krossfestr ‘Crucified’

krossfesta (verb): crucify

[6] krossfestr: ‘[...](ro)stfestr’(?) 721

notes

[6] krossfestr ‘crucified’: <K> erased, superscript ‘ro’ partly illegible. According to a tradition which can be traced as far back as Polycrates of Ephesus (C2nd), Philip is said to have died a peaceful death (cf. Beda, Martyrologium, col. 896C: apud Hierapolim dormivit in pace ‘At Hierapolis he fell to sleep in peace’); according to another tradition, he was crucified and stoned to death, see Brev. 4/5-7: Philippus ... in Hierapuli Frigiae provinciae crucifixus et lapidatus obiit ‘Philip ... died in Hierapolis of the province of Phrygia, after being crucified and stoned’; cf. IO 72; Cynewulf, Fates 37-41 (in Brooks 1961, 57): Philipus ... ece lif | þurh rode cwealm ricene gesohte, | syððan on galgan in Gearapolim | ahangen wæs hildecorðre ‘Phillip ... sought eternal life at once through death on the cross, when he was hanged on a gallows in Hierapolis by a troop of armed men’. This version of the Apostle’s martyrdom is repeated in many Icel. sources, cf. Holm perg 5 fol, 59vb (Foote 1976, 154); cf. Ph 737, AM 660 4°, 23v (Foote 1976, 153) and AM 764 4°, 16v. A long cross is one of Philip’s traditional iconographic attributes (see Braun 1943, 607-8; Kilström 1956, 175), and the Apostle is regularly represented as crucified on a tall cross (Roeder 1956, 23).

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Fari ‘let there proceed’

fara (verb; ferr, fór, fóru, farinn): go, travel

notes

[9, 10] fari ... minni ‘let a memorial toast ... proceed/go forth’: Cf. e.g. Egils saga ch. 44 (ÍF 2, 108) fóru minni mǫrg ok skyldi horn drekka í minni hvert ‘many memorial toasts proceeded and a horn had to be drained at each toast’. Cf. the refrain of Ceciliudiktur 31 (ÍM II, 346): Fari hier med fagnad inni | fru Ceceliu minni ‘With joy let there proceed herein a memorial toast to our Lady Cecilia’; see Introduction.

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hier ‘here’

hér (adv.): here

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postula ‘to the Apostle’

postuli (noun m.; °-a; -ar): apostle

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minni ‘a memorial toast’

1. minni (noun n.; °-s; -): memory

notes

[9, 10] fari ... minni ‘let a memorial toast ... proceed/go forth’: Cf. e.g. Egils saga ch. 44 (ÍF 2, 108) fóru minni mǫrg ok skyldi horn drekka í minni hvert ‘many memorial toasts proceeded and a horn had to be drained at each toast’. Cf. the refrain of Ceciliudiktur 31 (ÍM II, 346): Fari hier med fagnad inni | fru Ceceliu minni ‘With joy let there proceed herein a memorial toast to our Lady Cecilia’; see Introduction.

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