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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Arn Magndr 6II

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, Magnússdrápa 6’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 215-16.

Arnórr jarlaskáld ÞórðarsonMagnússdrápa
567

munk ‘I will’

munu (verb): will, must

[1] munk (‘mun ec’): mun Hr

Close

Sygna ‘of the Sygnir’

Sygnir (noun m.; °; -ir): the Sygnir

[1] Sygna: svigna 39

kennings

snarfengjan þengil Sygna
‘the swift-acting lord of the Sygnir ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús

the swift-acting lord of the Sygnir → NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús
Close

snarfengjan ‘the swift-acting’

snarfengr (adj.): sturdy

[2] snarfengjan: so 39, F, J2ˣ, H, Flat, om. Kˣ, snarfengjar E, snarfengan Hr

kennings

snarfengjan þengil Sygna
‘the swift-acting lord of the Sygnir ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús

the swift-acting lord of the Sygnir → NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús
Close

þengil ‘lord’

þengill (noun m.): prince, ruler

kennings

snarfengjan þengil Sygna
‘the swift-acting lord of the Sygnir ’
   = NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús

the swift-acting lord of the Sygnir → NORWEGIAN KING = Magnús
Close

ok ‘and’

3. ok (conj.): and, but; also

[3] ok: varð H, var Hr, Flat

Close

sollinn ‘encrusted’

1. svella (verb): swell

Close

hlé ‘of the lee’

hlé (noun n.): [lee] < hléborð (noun n.)

[4] hlé‑: hlæ‑ 39, J2ˣ, Hr

kennings

visundr hléborðs,
‘the bison of the lee-side, ’
   = SHIP

the bison of the lee-side, → SHIP

notes

[4] visundr hléborðs ‘the bison of the lee-side [SHIP]’: Visundr was the ship that Magnús sailed to Denmark, hence Visundr here seems to double as both proper name and kenning element; see Note to Arn Hryn 9/4.

Close

borðs ‘side’

borð (noun n.; °-s; -): side, plank, board; table < hléborð (noun n.)

kennings

visundr hléborðs,
‘the bison of the lee-side, ’
   = SHIP

the bison of the lee-side, → SHIP

notes

[4] visundr hléborðs ‘the bison of the lee-side [SHIP]’: Visundr was the ship that Magnús sailed to Denmark, hence Visundr here seems to double as both proper name and kenning element; see Note to Arn Hryn 9/4.

Close

visundr ‘the bison’

vísundr (noun m.; °dat. -i; -ar): bison

[4] visundr: visund Hr

kennings

visundr hléborðs,
‘the bison of the lee-side, ’
   = SHIP

the bison of the lee-side, → SHIP

notes

[4] visundr hléborðs ‘the bison of the lee-side [SHIP]’: Visundr was the ship that Magnús sailed to Denmark, hence Visundr here seems to double as both proper name and kenning element; see Note to Arn Hryn 9/4.

Close

norðan ‘from the north’

norðan (adv.): from the north

Close

bjóðr ‘The convenor’

2. bjóðr (noun m.): inviter

[5] bjóðr: blíðr H, Hr, Flat

kennings

Bjóðr brynþings,
‘The convenor of the byrnie-assembly, ’
   = WARRIOR

the byrnie-assembly, → BATTLE
The convenor of the BATTLE → WARRIOR
Close

breiðu ‘broad’

breiðr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): broad, wide

[5] breiðu: brðu J2ˣ, beiðu Hr

Close

bryn ‘of the byrnie’

1. brynja (noun f.; °-u (dat. brynnoni Gibb 38⁹); -ur): mailcoat < brynþing (noun n.): byrnie-assembly

[6] brynþings: byrðings Flat

kennings

Bjóðr brynþings,
‘The convenor of the byrnie-assembly, ’
   = WARRIOR

the byrnie-assembly, → BATTLE
The convenor of the BATTLE → WARRIOR
Close

bryn ‘of the byrnie’

1. brynja (noun f.; °-u (dat. brynnoni Gibb 38⁹); -ur): mailcoat < brynþing (noun n.): byrnie-assembly

[6] brynþings: byrðings Flat

kennings

Bjóðr brynþings,
‘The convenor of the byrnie-assembly, ’
   = WARRIOR

the byrnie-assembly, → BATTLE
The convenor of the BATTLE → WARRIOR
Close

þings ‘assembly’

þing (noun n.; °-s; -): meeting, assembly < brynþing (noun n.): byrnie-assembly

[6] brynþings: byrðings Flat

kennings

Bjóðr brynþings,
‘The convenor of the byrnie-assembly, ’
   = WARRIOR

the byrnie-assembly, → BATTLE
The convenor of the BATTLE → WARRIOR
Close

þings ‘assembly’

þing (noun n.; °-s; -): meeting, assembly < brynþing (noun n.): byrnie-assembly

[6] brynþings: byrðings Flat

kennings

Bjóðr brynþings,
‘The convenor of the byrnie-assembly, ’
   = WARRIOR

the byrnie-assembly, → BATTLE
The convenor of the BATTLE → WARRIOR
Close

fetil ‘of sword-belt’

fetill (noun m.; °dat. fatli/fetli; fetlar): strap, sword-belt < fetilstingr (noun m.): sword-belt stabbers

[6] fetilstinga: meginhringa H, Hr, meginþinga Flat

kennings

œsi fetilstinga.
‘the impeller of sword-belt stabbers.’
   = WARRIOR

sword-belt stabbers. → SWORDS
the impeller of SWORDS → WARRIOR
Close

fetil ‘of sword-belt’

fetill (noun m.; °dat. fatli/fetli; fetlar): strap, sword-belt < fetilstingr (noun m.): sword-belt stabbers

[6] fetilstinga: meginhringa H, Hr, meginþinga Flat

kennings

œsi fetilstinga.
‘the impeller of sword-belt stabbers.’
   = WARRIOR

sword-belt stabbers. → SWORDS
the impeller of SWORDS → WARRIOR
Close

stinga ‘stabbers’

stingr (noun m.; °; -ir): rod < fetilstingr (noun m.): sword-belt stabbers

[6] fetilstinga: meginhringa H, Hr, meginþinga Flat

kennings

œsi fetilstinga.
‘the impeller of sword-belt stabbers.’
   = WARRIOR

sword-belt stabbers. → SWORDS
the impeller of SWORDS → WARRIOR
Close

stinga ‘stabbers’

stingr (noun m.; °; -ir): rod < fetilstingr (noun m.): sword-belt stabbers

[6] fetilstinga: meginhringa H, Hr, meginþinga Flat

kennings

œsi fetilstinga.
‘the impeller of sword-belt stabbers.’
   = WARRIOR

sword-belt stabbers. → SWORDS
the impeller of SWORDS → WARRIOR
Close

tók ‘received’

2. taka (verb): take

Close

œsi ‘the impeller’

œsir (noun m.): flinger, impeller, inciter

kennings

œsi fetilstinga.
‘the impeller of sword-belt stabbers.’
   = WARRIOR

sword-belt stabbers. → SWORDS
the impeller of SWORDS → WARRIOR
Close

gramr ‘the monarch’

1. gramr (noun m.): ruler

Close

Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

All three prose works include sts 6 and 7 in their accounts of how Magnús assumed rule over Denmark. In Hkr and H-Hr, st. 6 appears early in the narrative, as Magnús sails to Jutland. In Flat it finishes off the brief account and st. 6 follows 7.

[5-7]: (a) The warrior-kenning bjóðr brynþings ‘the convenor of the byrnie-assembly’ assumed above is well paralleled, e.g. by brynþings boði ‘announcer of the byrnie-assembly [BATTLE > WARRIOR]’, ǪrvOdd Ævdr 8/3 and 34/3VIII. It is taken here as the subject to setti branda ‘steered his prows’. Fetilstinga œsi ‘the impeller of sword-belt stabbers [SWORDS > WARRIOR]’ is assumed to form another kenning, object to fús tók ǫld við... ‘eager, people received...’, and gramr ‘(fierce) monarch, sovereign’ in l. 8 is taken in apposition to bjóðr brynþings. This is also the analysis adopted by Finnur Jónsson (Skj B), by Kock (NN §1295), and by Bjarni Aðalbjarnarson (ÍF 28, 35 n.) who, however, favours reading æsi ‘god’ (nom. sg. ss/áss) rather than œsi ‘impeller’ as the base-word of the kenning. (b) The variant ‘blidr’ (so H, Hr, Flat), i.e. the adj. blíðr ‘blithe’, could qualify gramr ‘monarch’ in l. 8, and the vowel of ms. bryn- would be long (the metrically preferable alternative), hence brýn- ‘pressing, urgent’. In this case brýnþings fetilstinga œsi is construed as a single kenning, hence fús tók ǫld við œsi fetilstinga brýnþings ‘eager, people received the impeller of the pressing assembly of sword-belt-stabbers [SWORDS > BATTLE > WARRIOR]’. Fetilstinga þing is fairly certainly attested in the C13th GunnHám Lv 5/8V, and the assumption of brýn- ‘pressing, urgent’ would find some support in kennings such as rammþing Glamma ‘mighty assembly of Glammi’ in st. 9/2 below. The l. brynþing fetilstinga occurs in Eyv Lv 1/2I, and the interpretation of that st. would be greatly helped by the assumption that bryn-, the reading of all mss, stands for brýn- ‘pressing’ rather than bryn- ‘byrnie’; cf. also ÞjóðA Lv 3. However, the contexts in which brynþing must mean ‘byrnie-assembly’ (including Mark Eirdr 7/1 and the eddic Sigrdr 5, NK 190) are numerous enough to suggest that (a) above is the safer alternative in the present context.

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