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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Arn Magndr 13II

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, Magnússdrápa 13’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 223.

Arnórr jarlaskáld ÞórðarsonMagnússdrápa
121314

Dǫrr ‘spears’

dǫrr (noun m.): spear

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drjúgspakr ‘The ever-wise’

drjúgspakr (adj.): [ever-wise]

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þrek ‘powerfully’

þrekr (noun m.): powerful

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fljúga ‘fly’

fljúga (verb): fly

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glœddi ‘sparked’

gleðja (verb): gladden, rejoice

[3] glœddi: ‘glæde’ Flat

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skept ‘hafted’

[4] skept: skeptr Hr, skreyttr Flat

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Létat ‘did not allow’

láta (verb): let, have sth done

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hilmir ‘The ruler’

hilmir (noun m.): prince, protector

[5] hilmir: hilmi Flat

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hneiti ‘sword’

hneitir (noun m.): sword

notes

[5] hneiti ‘sword’: See Note to ÞjóðA Magnfl 18/6.

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Hǫgna ‘of Hǫgni’

Hǫgni (noun m.): [Hǫgni, Högni]

[6] Hǫgna: hugnar Flat

kennings

veðr Hǫgna;
‘the wind-storm of Hǫgni; ’
   = BATTLE

the wind-storm of Hǫgni; → BATTLE

notes

[6] veðr Hǫgna ‘the wind-storm of Hǫgni <legendary hero> [BATTLE]’: The name Hǫgni denotes three legendary figures in ON poetry, but if the reference is at all specific here, it might be to Hǫgni Gjúkason, the Burgundian hero, brother of Gunnarr, since Gjúki’s descendants are also mentioned in klæði ættar Gjúka ‘raiment of the offspring of Gjúki [ARMOUR]’ in Arn Hryn 9/6-7. Perhaps influenced by this clothing metaphor, Finnur Jónsson in Skj B printed Hǫgna væðr ‘Hǫgni’s garb [ARMOUR]’ in this st., but the graph <e> in the orthography of Hr and Flat does not usually stand for normalised <æ>; the form væðr is rejected by Kock in NN §823.

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veðr ‘the wind-storm’

2. veðr (noun n.; °-s; -): weather, wind, storm

kennings

veðr Hǫgna;
‘the wind-storm of Hǫgni; ’
   = BATTLE

the wind-storm of Hǫgni; → BATTLE

notes

[6] veðr Hǫgna ‘the wind-storm of Hǫgni <legendary hero> [BATTLE]’: The name Hǫgni denotes three legendary figures in ON poetry, but if the reference is at all specific here, it might be to Hǫgni Gjúkason, the Burgundian hero, brother of Gunnarr, since Gjúki’s descendants are also mentioned in klæði ættar Gjúka ‘raiment of the offspring of Gjúki [ARMOUR]’ in Arn Hryn 9/6-7. Perhaps influenced by this clothing metaphor, Finnur Jónsson in Skj B printed Hǫgna væðr ‘Hǫgni’s garb [ARMOUR]’ in this st., but the graph <e> in the orthography of Hr and Flat does not usually stand for normalised <æ>; the form væðr is rejected by Kock in NN §823.

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gǫgnum ‘throughout’

gegnum (prep.): through

[6] gǫgnum: ‘gegvm’ Hr

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flugu ‘flew’

fljúga (verb): fly

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þykkt ‘thick’

2. þykkr (adj.): thick

[7] þykkt: þykk Flat

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harðara ‘harder’

harðr (adj.; °comp. -ari; superl. -astr): hard, harsh

[8] harðara: ‘ard adra’ Flat

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sparðan ‘to be spared’

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Magnús fights a great battle off Helgenæs (Helganes). In H-Hr the st. is cited as evidence that Magnús shot hand-missiles all night long.

[2] drjúgspakr ‘ever-wise’: The cpd is not recorded elsewhere in ON, but drjúg- as an intensive occurs, e.g. in drjúghvast ‘very sharply’ (see LP).

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