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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Arn Hryn 1II

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, Hrynhenda, Magnússdrápa 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 183.

Arnórr jarlaskáld ÞórðarsonHrynhenda, Magnússdrápa

text and translation

Kljúfa létk í kaupfǫr dúfu
knarra minn við borð in stinnu.

Létk knarra minn kljúfa dúfu við in stinnu borð í kaupfǫr.
‘I made my vessel cleave the billow with its firm strakes on a trading voyage.

notes and context

The couplet is cited in Óláfr hvítaskáld’s Málskrúðsfræði (TGT) to illustrate paragoge, the lengthening of a word by the addition of a letter or syllable. After the quotation Óláfr points to knarra ‘ship, vessel’ as an example of such addition til þæss at kveðanndi halldiz ‘so that the metre is preserved’.

The ll. share the metre and seafaring theme of st. 2 which, on the evidence of Óláfr hvítaskáld (see Context to st. 2), belongs to the exordium of the poem. The two couplets answer well to the detail of the Mork anecdote about Arnórr’s recitation before Magnús and Haraldr (see Introduction above). The assignment of the two couplets to this poem is further discussed in Cawley 1926-7 and Edwards 1979, 40-1.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Arnórr Þórðarson jarlaskáld, 2. Hrynhenda, Magnúsdrápa 2: AI, 333, BI, 306, Skald I, 155, NN §810; SnE 1848-87, II, 136, 416, TGT 1884, 88, 22, TGT 1927, 63, TGT 1998, 166-7; Whaley 1998, 142-3.


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