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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Arn Hardr 6II

Diana Whaley (ed.) 2009, ‘Arnórr jarlaskáld Þórðarson, Haraldsdrápa 6’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 267.

Arnórr jarlaskáld ÞórðarsonHaraldsdrápa
567

Eymðit ‘did not soften’

eyma (verb; °-mð-): [did not soften]

[1] Eymðit: so U, A, ‘Ø̨mþit’ R, ‘O‘mdit’ Tˣ, ‘.ymdít’ 744ˣ, ‘Eímdí’ C

notes

[1] eymðit ‘did not soften’: So Konráð Gíslason, 1879a, 195-7. The R reading ‘Ø̨mþit’ may, like U and A, represent Eymðit since normalised ey is among the values of <ǫ> in R, though rare (see SnE 1848-87, III, xvi-xvii). The (rare) verb eyma is a derivative of the adj. aumr ‘poor, wretched’.

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Rauma ‘of the Raumar’

2. Raumar (noun m.; °-s; -ar): the Raumar

notes

[1] Rauma ‘the Raumar’: The people of Romerike (Raumaríki).

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reiðr ‘The wrathful’

4. reiðr (adj.; °superl. -astr): angry

[2] reiðr: reiðir U

kennings

Reiðr meiðir Eydana
‘The wrathful harmer of Island-Danes ’
   = Haraldr

The wrathful harmer of Island-Danes → Haraldr
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Eydana ‘of Island-Danes’

Eydanir (noun m.): island-Dane

[2] Eydana: ‘eyda...’ 744ˣ

kennings

Reiðr meiðir Eydana
‘The wrathful harmer of Island-Danes ’
   = Haraldr

The wrathful harmer of Island-Danes → Haraldr

notes

[2] meiðir Eydana ‘harmer of Island-Danes’: The Danes of the islands of Sjælland (Selund, Zealand), Falster (Falstr), Fyn (Fjón) and other smaller islands. See also Mark Eirdr 22/8.

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meiðir ‘harmer’

meiðir (noun m.): destroyer, harmer

kennings

Reiðr meiðir Eydana
‘The wrathful harmer of Island-Danes ’
   = Haraldr

The wrathful harmer of Island-Danes → Haraldr

notes

[2] meiðir Eydana ‘harmer of Island-Danes’: The Danes of the islands of Sjælland (Selund, Zealand), Falster (Falstr), Fyn (Fjón) and other smaller islands. See also Mark Eirdr 22/8.

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dvínuðu ‘fell away’

dvína (verb; °-að-): fall away, diminish

[3] dvínuðu: ‘dyniodo’ Tˣ, dvínuðum B

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Heina ‘of the Heinir’

heinir (noun m.): inhabitant of Hedemarken

[3] Heina: so U, A, B, hveina R, huna C

notes

[3] Heina ‘of the Heinir’: The people of Hedmark (Heiðmǫrk). The variant is needed here. The R reading ‘hveina’ must be an error influenced by the preceding ‘dvinvþv’, and the variant ‘huna’ (so C) (Húna ‘Huns (?)’) makes no sense.

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hyrr ‘fire’

hyrr (noun m.): fire

[4] hyrr: herr U

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Snorri quotes the helmingr in SnE (Skm)to exemplify the use of hyrr as a poetic appellation for ‘fire’.

The st. clearly refers to the ravaging of Opplandene (the Upplǫnd districts) depicted in st. 5 and its Context. Cf. also ÞjóðA Sex 21, which depicts this phase and may also refer in a kenning to Haraldr’s enmity against the ‘Island-Danes’. — The B text is so damaged that to note the many illegible places would be unhelpful, and it is chiefly represented here by the transcript in 744ˣ.

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