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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Árm Lv 4II

Judith Jesch (ed.) 2009, ‘Ármóðr, Lausavísur 4’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 623.

ÁrmóðrLausavísur
34

þar ‘where’

þar (adv.): there

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stinnan ‘the sturdy’

stinnr (adj.): stiff, firm

[2] stinnan: corrected from sunnan R702ˣ

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hǫfum ‘have’

hafa (verb): have

notes

[3] vér hǫfum þann at vinna ‘we have that to do’: This l. is identical to GSúrs Lv 32/3V.

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vér ‘we’

vér (pron.; °gen. vár, dat./acc. oss): we, us, our

notes

[3] vér hǫfum þann at vinna ‘we have that to do’: This l. is identical to GSúrs Lv 32/3V.

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at ‘to’

5. at (nota): to (with infinitive)

notes

[3] vér hǫfum þann at vinna ‘we have that to do’: This l. is identical to GSúrs Lv 32/3V.

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vinna ‘do’

2. vinna (verb): perform, work

notes

[3] vér hǫfum þann at vinna ‘we have that to do’: This l. is identical to GSúrs Lv 32/3V.

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varðhald ‘watch’

varðhald (noun n.): watch

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skæ ‘the steed’

1. skær (noun m.): horse

kennings

skæ barða,
‘the steed of the prow, ’
   = SHIP

the steed of the prow, → SHIP
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barða ‘of the prow’

barð (noun n.): prow, stern (of a ship)

kennings

skæ barða,
‘the steed of the prow, ’
   = SHIP

the steed of the prow, → SHIP
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meðan ‘while’

meðan (conj.): while

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námdúks ‘of the kerchief’

námdúkr (noun m.): [kerchief]

[6] námdúks: ‘naduks’ R702ˣ

kennings

lind námdúks;
‘lime-tree of the kerchief; ’
   = WOMAN

lime-tree of the kerchief; → WOMAN
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hǫrundmjúkri ‘soft-skinned’

hǫrundmjúkr (adj.): [soft-skinned]

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sefr ‘sleeps’

sofa (verb): sleep

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lind ‘lime-tree’

1. lind (noun f.): linden-shield, linden tree

kennings

lind námdúks;
‘lime-tree of the kerchief; ’
   = WOMAN

lime-tree of the kerchief; → WOMAN
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til ‘towards’

til (prep.): to

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Sailing south towards Crete, Rǫgnvaldr’s fleet comes into some bad weather. Ármóðr declaims this st. while keeping watch at night.

This st. incorporates a common motif, the comparison of the speaker’s manly activities (usually seafaring or fighting) with those of a feeble stay-at-home who lolls about with women. See KormǪ Lv 34V, 36V, 39V, 63V, Vígf Lv 1I, Hharð Lv 4, Játg Lv, etc. Sometimes the derogatory comparison between bold adventurers and stay-at-homes is made without implicating women, as in Árm Lv 2, or Anon (Flóam) 1V.

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