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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon (TGT) 36III

Tarrin Wills (ed.) 2017, ‘Anonymous Lausavísur, Stanzas from the Third Grammatical Treatise 36’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 562.

Anonymous LausavísurStanzas from the Third Grammatical Treatise

text and translation

Oss fremi, hinn es himna,
heimstýrir, skóp dýra.

{Heimstýrir}, hinn es skóp dýra himna, fremi oss.
‘May the world-controller [= God], who created the precious heavens, help us.

notes and context

Cited as an example of a type of hyperbaton (‘yperbaton’), which is defined as follows (TGT 1927, 82): Yperbaton er nǫkkur yfirstigning orð­anna, sú er hætti bregðrHyperbaton is a certain transgression of words which alters their arrangement’. Hyperbaton is divided into five subcategories and this couplet illustrates the second type, synchysis (‘sinthesis’; TGT 1927, 83): Sinthesis er alla leið samansteypt ræðaSynchysis is a confusion of all parts of discourse’.

The figure of synchesis appears in the placement of oss fremi at the beginning of the couplet. Óláfr comments (TGT 1927, 83): Hér er þat mál síðarr sett, er fyrr skal vera, þvíat sá heimstýrir, er himna skóp, fremr oss nú hversdagliga ‘Here the clause which should be first is put at the end, because the world-ruler who created the heavens now helps us every day’.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XII], G [5]. Andre religiøse vers og herhen hørende digtbrudstykker 3: AI, 627, BI, 635, Skald I, 308; SnE 1818, 331, SnE 1848, 197, SnE 1848-87, II, 174-5, 424, III, 150, TGT 1884, 29, 111, 228, TGT 1927, 83, 107.


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