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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Brúðv 32VII

Valgerður Erna Þorvaldsdóttir (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Brúðkaupsvísur 32’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 552.

Anonymous PoemsBrúðkaupsvísur
313233

Guðs ‘God’s’

1. guð (noun m.; °***guðrs, guðis, gus): (Christian) God

[1] Guðs: Guð 721

kennings

guðs móður
‘God’s mother ’
   = Mary

God’s mother → Mary

notes

[1] guðs ‘God’s’: Guð is the determinant of the kenning guðs móður ‘god’s mother’ [ = Mary] and therefore has to be in the gen. case. The emendation was suggested by the scribe in the margin of 2166ˣ and later Jón Helgason adopted it in his edn.

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æsti ‘should ask’

æsta (verb): ask, request

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móður ‘mother’

móðir (noun f.): mother

kennings

guðs móður
‘God’s mother ’
   = Mary

God’s mother → Mary
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fyrir ‘because of’

fyrir (prep.): for, before, because of

[3] fyrir: ‘[...]’ 721

notes

[3] fyrir ‘because of’: The first word in l. 3 is completely illegible in 721 and had already become so when the scribe of 1032ˣ copied the poem. All the paper mss put dots to indicate that something is missing. As Jón Helgason pointed out, there is only space for one letter (and abbreviation sign) and the rhyme demands a vowel + <r>. Based on this, he concluded that fyrir was the only possible word.

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líkn ‘the comfort’

líkn (noun f.; °-ar; gen. -a): grace, mercy

[3] líkn: verka 1032ˣ, 399a‑bˣ, 2166ˣ

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kær ‘the beloved one’

kærr (adj.; °superl. kǽrstr/kǽrastr): dear

[3] kær: ‘ko[...]’ 1032ˣ, ‘k[...]’ 399a‑bˣ, 2166ˣ

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liðs ‘for aid’

lið (noun n.; °-s; -): retinue, troop

notes

[4] liðs ‘help’: This is very unclear in 721.

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hjálpar ‘helps’

1. hjalpa (verb): help

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mier ‘me’

ek (pron.; °mín, dat. mér, acc. mik): I, me

notes

[4] mier ‘me’: As Jón Helgason pointed out, the abbreviation sign above ‘mi-’ is faint and hard to read in 721. It is slightly clearer in a black and white photograph of the page and there the abbreviation sign seems to be –er. Therefore the reading mier has been adopted here, as the other mss also support it, rather than Jón’s suggested mjök.

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giengi ‘success’

gengi (noun n.): support, following

[6] giengi: so 2166ˣ, giengr 721, 1032ˣ, 399a‑bˣ

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ávalt ‘always’

ávallt (adv.): always

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sæl ‘blessed’

sæll (adj.): happy, blessed

[7] sæl: so 2166ˣ, ‘sæ[...]’ 721, ‘sæı’ 1032ˣ, ‘sæ’ 399a‑bˣ

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The point of this st. is that Mary acts as an intercessor with Christ for sinful humankind. For that reason (því, l. 6) he always grants people success.

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