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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Brúðv 27VII

Valgerður Erna Þorvaldsdóttir (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Brúðkaupsvísur 27’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 548-9.

Anonymous PoemsBrúðkaupsvísur
262728

Síðan ‘Afterwards’

síðan (adv.): later, then

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náði ‘managed’

1. ná (verb): reach, get, manage

notes

[1] náði: Jón Sigurðsson suggested the reading réði in the margin of 399a-bˣ, and the scribe of 2166ˣ mentions the reading ráði in the margin.

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sverð ‘the sword’

sverð (noun n.; °-s; -): sword < sverðrjóðr (noun m.)

kennings

Sverðrjóðr
‘the sword-reddener ’
   = WARRIOR

the sword-reddener → WARRIOR
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rjóðr ‘reddener’

1. rjóðr (noun m.): reddener < sverðrjóðr (noun m.)

kennings

Sverðrjóðr
‘the sword-reddener ’
   = WARRIOR

the sword-reddener → WARRIOR
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girntiz ‘wanted’

girna (verb): desire

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skildiz ‘parted’

1. skilja (verb): separate, understand

[3] skildiz: so 1032ˣ, 399a‑bˣ, 2166ˣ, ‘skild[...]zt’ 721

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fira ‘of men’

firar (noun m.): men

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fjöld ‘the multitude’

fjǫlð (noun f.): multitude

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Hæstri ‘to the highest’

hœgri (adj. comp.): higher, highest

kennings

hæstri höll Krists,
‘to the highest hall of Christ, ’
   = Mary

to the highest hall of Christ, → Mary

notes

[5] hæstri höll Krists ‘to the highest hall of Christ [= Mary]’: See Note to st. 7/4

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höll ‘hall’

1. hǫll (noun f.; °hallar, dat. -u/-; hallir): hall

kennings

hæstri höll Krists,
‘to the highest hall of Christ, ’
   = Mary

to the highest hall of Christ, → Mary

notes

[5] hæstri höll Krists ‘to the highest hall of Christ [= Mary]’: See Note to st. 7/4

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Krists ‘of Christ’

Kristr (noun m.; °-s/-, dat. -i; -ar): Christ

kennings

hæstri höll Krists,
‘to the highest hall of Christ, ’
   = Mary

to the highest hall of Christ, → Mary

notes

[5] hæstri höll Krists ‘to the highest hall of Christ [= Mary]’: See Note to st. 7/4

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lagar ‘of the sea’

lǫgr (noun m.; °lagar, dat. legi): sea

kennings

Hei… elgs lagar
‘The … of the elk of the sea, ’
   = SEAFARER

the elk of the sea, → SHIP
The … of the SHIP → SEAFARER
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lagar ‘of the sea’

lǫgr (noun m.; °lagar, dat. legi): sea

kennings

Hei… elgs lagar
‘The … of the elk of the sea, ’
   = SEAFARER

the elk of the sea, → SHIP
The … of the SHIP → SEAFARER
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elgs ‘of the elk’

elgr (noun m.; °-s; -ir/-ar): elk

kennings

Hei… elgs lagar
‘The … of the elk of the sea, ’
   = SEAFARER

the elk of the sea, → SHIP
The … of the SHIP → SEAFARER
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elgs ‘of the elk’

elgr (noun m.; °-s; -ir/-ar): elk

kennings

Hei… elgs lagar
‘The … of the elk of the sea, ’
   = SEAFARER

the elk of the sea, → SHIP
The … of the SHIP → SEAFARER
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hei… ‘The …’

(non-lexical)

[7] hei… unz: ‘heims [...] ok’ 1032ˣ, 399a‑bˣ, ‘heim s[...]ok’ 2166ˣ

kennings

Hei… elgs lagar
‘The … of the elk of the sea, ’
   = SEAFARER

the elk of the sea, → SHIP
The … of the SHIP → SEAFARER

notes

[7] hei…: The end of the word is illegible in 721 and the readings of other mss shed little light on what might have been written there originally. It seems clear though, that the illegible word is the base-word of a man-kenning, whose referent is most likely to be [SEAFARER], since the determinant is elgr lagar ‘elk of the sea [SHIP]’. Jón Helgason thought that ‘hei...’ could be a mistake for a word beginning with ‘b’, possibly beitir ‘steerer’ which would fit beautifully with the determinant, but the first letter of the word in 721 is clearly ‘h’ not ‘b’. It is also worth noting that alliteration here requires a word with vocalic onset.

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unz ‘until’

2. unz (conj.): until

[7] hei… unz: ‘heims [...] ok’ 1032ˣ, 399a‑bˣ, ‘heim s[...]ok’ 2166ˣ

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þar ‘there’

þar (adv.): there

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manns ‘the man’s’

maðr (noun m.): man, person

[8] manns sögu: man sögu 721, ‘mans.gv’ 1032ˣ, ‘mans..gv’ 399a‑bˣ

notes

[8] manns sögu ‘the man’s story’: 721 reads man sögu, where man could mean ‘woman, female slave’, an unlikely term for the Virgin Mary, because of its frequently pejorative connotations. The scribe of 2166ˣ gives the fragmentary reading mn s..gv in the margin.

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sögu ‘story’

1. saga (noun f.; °*-u; *-ur): story, saga

[8] manns sögu: man sögu 721, ‘mans.gv’ 1032ˣ, ‘mans..gv’ 399a‑bˣ

notes

[8] manns sögu ‘the man’s story’: 721 reads man sögu, where man could mean ‘woman, female slave’, an unlikely term for the Virgin Mary, because of its frequently pejorative connotations. The scribe of 2166ˣ gives the fragmentary reading mn s..gv in the margin.

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kendr ‘belonging’

kenna (verb): know, teach

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

The prose versions of the legend are not much more forthcoming about the young man’s later life of ascesis. The D version does not mention how he spent the rest of his life, while C tells of his life of penance and prayer (Mar 1871, 775), but does not specify that it was spent in a wilderness. — [5-8]: The ed. is grateful to Ólafur Halldórsson for some very useful suggestions regarding the interpretation of this helmingr.

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