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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Brúðv 26VII

Valgerður Erna Þorvaldsdóttir (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Brúðkaupsvísur 26’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 548.

Anonymous PoemsBrúðkaupsvísur
252627

Haltu ‘Keep’

(not checked:)
halda (verb): hold, keep

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sem ‘that’

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sem (conj.): as, which

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hefir ‘you have’

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hafa (verb): have

[1] hefir: hafði 721, 1032ˣ, hafðir 399a‑bˣ, 2166ˣ

notes

[1] hefir ‘have’: Jón Helgason rejected hafðir, the reading of 399a-bˣ and 2166ˣ on the grounds that it was not metrically correct (metrisk urigtigt) and emended to hefir, as has been followed here.

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mælt ‘said’

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1. mæla (verb): speak, say

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hvert ‘every’

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2. hverr (pron.): who, whom, each, every

[2] hvert: so 399a‑bˣ, 2166ˣ, ‘hvt’ 721, 1032ˣ

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orð ‘word’

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orð (noun n.; °-s; -): word

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meðan ‘while’

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meðan (conj.): while

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lífs ‘alive’

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líf (noun n.; °-s; -): life

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ert ‘you are’

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2. vera (verb): be, is, was, were, are, am

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hirðir ‘keeper’

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hirðir (noun m.; °hirðis/hirðirs, dat. & acc. hirði; hirðar/hirðir): guardian, keeper, pastor

kennings

hirðir hringa’,
‘keeper of rings’ ’
   = MAN

keeper of rings’ → MAN
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kvað ‘said’

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2. kveðja (verb): say, greet

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happ ‘the luck’

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happ (noun n.; °-s; *-): fortune, luck < Happnjǫrðr (noun m.)

kennings

happ-Njörðr. ‘
‘the luck-Njörðr. ‘’
   = MAN

the luck-Njörðr. ‘ → MAN

notes

[3] happ-Njörðr ‘luck-Njörðr’: There is nothing about this (probably incomplete) man-kenning that suggests that it should refer to the bishop, though logic requires it.

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Njörðr ‘Njörðr’

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Njǫrðr (noun m.): Njǫrðr < Happnjǫrðr (noun m.)

kennings

happ-Njörðr. ‘
‘the luck-Njörðr. ‘’
   = MAN

the luck-Njörðr. ‘ → MAN

notes

[3] happ-Njörðr ‘luck-Njörðr’: There is nothing about this (probably incomplete) man-kenning that suggests that it should refer to the bishop, though logic requires it.

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hringa ‘of rings’

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1. hringr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -; -ar): ring; sword

kennings

hirðir hringa’,
‘keeper of rings’ ’
   = MAN

keeper of rings’ → MAN
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við ‘to’

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2. við (prep.): with, against

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mun ‘will’

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munu (verb): will, must

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vitr ‘The wise’

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vitr (adj.): wise

kennings

Vitr móðir Krist
‘The wise mother of Christ ’
   = Mary

The wise mother of Christ → Mary
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víst ‘for certain’

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1. víss (adj.): wise, certain(ly)

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hyggjum ‘we think’

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2. hyggja (verb): think, consider

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Krist ‘of Christ’

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Kristr (noun m.; °-s/-, dat. -i; -ar): Christ

kennings

Vitr móðir Krist
‘The wise mother of Christ ’
   = Mary

The wise mother of Christ → Mary

notes

[6] Krist ‘Christ’s’: The reading Krists is suggested in the margin in 2166ˣ; on the gen. Krist, see Note to st. 7/4.

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ástin ‘love’

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ást (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): love

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‘may achieve’

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mega (verb): may, might

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móðir ‘mother’

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móðir (noun f.): mother

kennings

Vitr móðir Krist
‘The wise mother of Christ ’
   = Mary

The wise mother of Christ → Mary
Close

en ‘than’

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4. en (conj.): than

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hvert ‘any’

(not checked:)
2. hverr (pron.): who, whom, each, every

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fljóð ‘woman’

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fljóð (noun n.): woman

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Although the young man’s wedding party were presumably expecting the bishop to support them (st. 24), he evidently supports the young man’s devotion to the Virgin, even though he has denounced him as fickle (st. 25/3-4). The reason is not clear from the poem, but the D-version of the prose text explains that the young man is able to demonstrate to the bishop that he had betrothed himself to the Virgin Mary before he was betrothed to his human fiancée, even though his family did not know of his secret vow (Mar 1871, 120). The bishop then agrees that he should keep his original promise (heit) to Mary and live a chaste life.

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