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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Brúðv 3VII

Valgerður Erna Þorvaldsdóttir (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Brúðkaupsvísur 3’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 530-1.

Anonymous PoemsBrúðkaupsvísur
234

gjörðiz ‘took place’

1. gera (verb): do, make

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horskr ‘wise’

horskr (adj.; °compar. -ari): wise

notes

[3-4] sá horskr maðr má við fjöld* hölda ‘that wise man can withstand a multitude of men’: This comment by the poet presumably anticipates the young man’s later withstanding pressure from his family and society in general to get married.

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maðr ‘man’

maðr (noun m.): man, person

notes

[3-4] sá horskr maðr má við fjöld* hölda ‘that wise man can withstand a multitude of men’: This comment by the poet presumably anticipates the young man’s later withstanding pressure from his family and society in general to get married.

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hölda ‘of men’

hǫlðr (noun m.; °-s; -ar): man

notes

[3-4] sá horskr maðr má við fjöld* hölda ‘that wise man can withstand a multitude of men’: This comment by the poet presumably anticipates the young man’s later withstanding pressure from his family and society in general to get married.

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‘can’

mega (verb): may, might

notes

[3-4] sá horskr maðr má við fjöld* hölda ‘that wise man can withstand a multitude of men’: This comment by the poet presumably anticipates the young man’s later withstanding pressure from his family and society in general to get married.

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‘that’

1. sá (pron.; °gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---): that (one), those

notes

[3-4] sá horskr maðr má við fjöld* hölda ‘that wise man can withstand a multitude of men’: This comment by the poet presumably anticipates the young man’s later withstanding pressure from his family and society in general to get married.

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við ‘withstand’

2. við (prep.): with, against

notes

[3-4] sá horskr maðr má við fjöld* hölda ‘that wise man can withstand a multitude of men’: This comment by the poet presumably anticipates the young man’s later withstanding pressure from his family and society in general to get married.

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fjöld* ‘a multitude’

fjǫlð (noun f.): multitude

[4] fjöld*: fjöldr 721

notes

[3-4] sá horskr maðr má við fjöld* hölda ‘that wise man can withstand a multitude of men’: This comment by the poet presumably anticipates the young man’s later withstanding pressure from his family and society in general to get married. — [4] fjöld* (f. sg.) ‘multitude’: All mss have fjöldr. Jón Helgason printed the reading from 721 without comment. The word fjöldr cannot be found in any dictionary and is emended to fjöld here. Konráð Gíslason (1846, 76-7) pointed out that occasionally scribes added <r> before or after <ð> due to the similarity of the phonemes. That might be the case here.

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fjöld* ‘a multitude’

fjǫlð (noun f.): multitude

[4] fjöld*: fjöldr 721

notes

[3-4] sá horskr maðr má við fjöld* hölda ‘that wise man can withstand a multitude of men’: This comment by the poet presumably anticipates the young man’s later withstanding pressure from his family and society in general to get married. — [4] fjöld* (f. sg.) ‘multitude’: All mss have fjöldr. Jón Helgason printed the reading from 721 without comment. The word fjöldr cannot be found in any dictionary and is emended to fjöld here. Konráð Gíslason (1846, 76-7) pointed out that occasionally scribes added <r> before or after <ð> due to the similarity of the phonemes. That might be the case here.

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mærð ‘of the glory’

mærð (noun f.): praise < mærðvaldr (noun m.)

kennings

huggóð móðir mærðvalds drótta,
‘the kind-hearted mother of the glory-ruler of mankind, ’
   = Mary

the glory-ruler of mankind, → God
the kind-hearted mother of GOD → Mary
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mærð ‘of the glory’

mærð (noun f.): praise < mærðvaldr (noun m.)

kennings

huggóð móðir mærðvalds drótta,
‘the kind-hearted mother of the glory-ruler of mankind, ’
   = Mary

the glory-ruler of mankind, → God
the kind-hearted mother of GOD → Mary
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valds ‘ruler’

valdr (noun m.): ruler < mærðvaldr (noun m.)

[5] ‑valds: vald 721

kennings

huggóð móðir mærðvalds drótta,
‘the kind-hearted mother of the glory-ruler of mankind, ’
   = Mary

the glory-ruler of mankind, → God
the kind-hearted mother of GOD → Mary

notes

[5] valds (m. gen. sg.) ‘ruler’: Jón Helgason emended ‘ualld’ (m. dat. sg.) to valds to provide a determinant in the kenning móðir mærðvalds drótta ‘mother of the glory-ruler of mankind [= God (= Christ) > = Mary]’.

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valds ‘ruler’

valdr (noun m.): ruler < mærðvaldr (noun m.)

[5] ‑valds: vald 721

kennings

huggóð móðir mærðvalds drótta,
‘the kind-hearted mother of the glory-ruler of mankind, ’
   = Mary

the glory-ruler of mankind, → God
the kind-hearted mother of GOD → Mary

notes

[5] valds (m. gen. sg.) ‘ruler’: Jón Helgason emended ‘ualld’ (m. dat. sg.) to valds to provide a determinant in the kenning móðir mærðvalds drótta ‘mother of the glory-ruler of mankind [= God (= Christ) > = Mary]’.

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móðir ‘mother’

móðir (noun f.): mother

kennings

huggóð móðir mærðvalds drótta,
‘the kind-hearted mother of the glory-ruler of mankind, ’
   = Mary

the glory-ruler of mankind, → God
the kind-hearted mother of GOD → Mary
Close

huggóð ‘the kind-hearted’

huggóðr (adj.): merciful

kennings

huggóð móðir mærðvalds drótta,
‘the kind-hearted mother of the glory-ruler of mankind, ’
   = Mary

the glory-ruler of mankind, → God
the kind-hearted mother of GOD → Mary
Close

drótta ‘of mankind’

1. drótt (noun f.): troop

kennings

huggóð móðir mærðvalds drótta,
‘the kind-hearted mother of the glory-ruler of mankind, ’
   = Mary

the glory-ruler of mankind, → God
the kind-hearted mother of GOD → Mary
Close

drótta ‘of mankind’

1. drótt (noun f.): troop

kennings

huggóð móðir mærðvalds drótta,
‘the kind-hearted mother of the glory-ruler of mankind, ’
   = Mary

the glory-ruler of mankind, → God
the kind-hearted mother of GOD → Mary
Close

sig* ‘the battle’

1. sig (noun n.): [battle] < Sigþróttr (noun m.)

[8] sig*‑: siga 721

kennings

sig*-Þrótt.
‘the battle-Þróttr.’
   = WARRIOR

the battle-Þróttr. → WARRIOR

notes

[8] sig* ‘battle’: Jón Helgason emended siga- to sig-. Compounds with the form sig + Óðinn-heiti are not uncommon in skaldic poetry (see LP: sig, n.). However, siga- could still make sense as gen. pl. of sig ‘battle’.

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Þrótt ‘Þróttr’

2. Þróttr (noun m.): Þróttr < Sigþróttr (noun m.)

kennings

sig*-Þrótt.
‘the battle-Þróttr.’
   = WARRIOR

the battle-Þróttr. → WARRIOR

notes

[8] Þróttr: This is the first of several instances in which the poet uses a name of one of the Norse gods or goddesses to form the base-word of a man- or woman-kenning.

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