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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon (TGT) 22III

Tarrin Wills (ed.) 2017, ‘Anonymous Lausavísur, Stanzas from the Third Grammatical Treatise 22’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 552.

Anonymous LausavísurStanzas from the Third Grammatical Treatise

text and translation

Hlýð, hlýð, konungr,        hróðri þessum.

Hlýð, hlýð, konungr, þessum hróðri.
‘Listen, listen, king, to this praise-poem.

notes and context

Cited as an example of epizeuxis (‘epizeusis’), i.e. the repetition of a word (TGT 1927, 69): Epizeusis er tvefaldan eins orðs samansettEpizeuxis is the repetition of one word put together [with the repeated word]’.

Epizeuxis occurs here in the repetition of hlýð ‘listen’. Óláfr adds (TGT 1927, 69): Þessi fígúra er jafnan sett þá er maðr talar með ákefð nǫkkura hluti ‘This figure is always seen when a person talks vehemently about something’. — This stanza is in fornyrðislag (Type D, l. 1; Type A, l. 2) but is grouped by Finnur Jónsson (Skj) with four kviðuháttr fragments, sts 33, 34, 13 and 20 in this edn (Vers om ubestemmelige personer og begivenheder ‘Stanzas about unidentified persons and events’ 1-5 in Skj). Without the repetition of hlýð, this fragment would be in kviðuháttr.


Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XII], C. Vers om ubestemmelige personer og begivenheder 1: AI, 597, BI, 597, Skald I, 291; SnE 1848, 191, SnE 1848-87, II, 148-9, 419, TGT 1884, 148, 208, TGT 1927, 69, 103.


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