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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon (Mberf) 5II

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Anonymous Lausavísur, Lausavísur from Magnúss saga berfœtts 5’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 832-3.

Anonymous LausavísurLausavísur from Magnúss saga berfœtts
456

Anon (Mberf) 5 is transmitted in Mork (Mork), H, Hr (H-Hr) and in the Hkr mss which have been interpolated from Mork (F, E, J2ˣ, 42ˣ). The lv. is found in the so-called Giffarðs þáttr, the tale of the Norman knight Giffarðr in Mberf. That þáttr also contains Mberf Lv 2, as well as Eldj Lv 1-2. Mork is the main ms.

Spurði gramr, hvat gerði
Giffarðr, þars lið barðisk;
vér ruðum vôpn í dreyra;
vasat hann kominn þannig.
Framreiðar vas fnauði
fulltrauðr á jó rauðum;
villat * flokk várn fylla;
falsk riddari inn valski.

Gramr spurði, hvat Giffarðr gerði, þars lið barðisk; vér ruðum vôpn í dreyra; hann vasat kominn þannig. Fnauði vas fulltrauðr framreiðar á rauðum jó; villat * fylla flokk várn; inn valski riddari falsk.

The lord asked what Giffarðr was doing where the troop fought; we reddened weapons in blood; he had not come there. The coward was extremely reluctant to advance on his chestnut steed; he does not wish to complete our company; the Norman knight was hiding.

Mss: Mork(23v) (Mork); H(91r), Hr(62vb) (H-Hr); F(59ra), E(34v), J2ˣ(312v), 42ˣ(12v-13r)

Readings: [2] Giffarðr: ‘giparðr’ F, E, 42ˣ, ‘Giparðr’ J2ˣ;    þars (‘þar er’): þá er H, Hr, 42ˣ    [4] vasat (‘varat’): var 42ˣ;    hann: hér E;    þannig: þannug E, J2ˣ, þangat 42ˣ    [5] Framreiðar: so Hr, F, E, J2ˣ, 42ˣ, fram reið þar Mork, framreið H;    fnauði: frændi Hr, ‘frauði’ F, E, ‘frvþe’ J2ˣ, ‘fruþi’ 42ˣ    [6] full‑: flug‑ F;    á: so H, F, E, J2ˣ, 42ˣ, af Mork, Hr;    jó: jór 42ˣ    [7] villat *: vill hann eigi Mork, E, J2ˣ, vill eigi H, Hr, vill hann ei F, 42ˣ    [8] falsk: ‘fask’ Hr, falskr F

Editions: Skj AI, 591, Skj BI, 591-2, Skald I, 288; Mork 1867, 148, Mork 1928-32, 324, Andersson and Gade 2000, 303-4, 486 (Mberf); Fms 7, 57 (Mberf ch. 28); F 1871, 273, E 1916, 122 (Mberf).

Context: The st. is recited in response to Mberf Lv 2, in which Magnús asks the whereabouts of the Norman knight Giffarðr, who was in his army at the battle of Fuxerna, Sweden.

Notes: [2] Giffarðr: The variant form of the personal name (Gíparðr; so F, J2ˣ, E, 42ˣ) is retained in Skj B and Skald, but it is incorrect. Giffarðr is the ON rendering of the Norman family name Giffard (see Gade 2001). For his possible identity, see Note to Mberf Lv 2/2. — [7] villat * ‘he does not wish’: For this normalisation, see Note to Mberf Lv 2/1.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj B = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15b. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. B: Rettet tekst. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1973. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. Fms = Sveinbjörn Egilsson et al., eds. 1825-37. Fornmanna sögur eptir gömlum handritum útgefnar að tilhlutun hins norræna fornfræða fèlags. 12 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  4. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  5. Andersson, Theodore M. and Kari Ellen Gade, trans. 2000. Morkinskinna: The Earliest Icelandic Chronicle of the Norwegian Kings (1030-1157). Islandica 51. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.
  6. Gade, Kari Ellen. 2001a. ‘Morkinskinna’s “Giffarðsþáttr”: Literary Fiction or Historical Fact?’. Gripla 11, 181-97.
  7. Mork 1928-32 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1928-32. Morkinskinna. SUGNL 53. Copenhagen: Jørgensen.
  8. F 1871 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1871. Fríssbók: Codex Frisianus. En samling af norske konge-sagaer. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  9. E 1916 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1916. Eirspennill: AM 47 fol. Nóregs konunga sǫgur: Magnús góði – Hákon gamli. Kristiania (Oslo): Den norske historiske kildeskriftskommission.
  10. Mork 1867 = Unger, C. R., ed. 1867. Morkinskinna: Pergamentsbog fra første halvdel af det trettende aarhundrede. Indeholdende en af de ældste optegnelser af norske kongesagaer. Oslo: Bentzen.
  11. Internal references
  12. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Heimskringla (Hkr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  13. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Hulda and Hrokkinskinna (H-Hr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  14. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Morkinskinna (Mork)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  15. Not published: do not cite (MberfII)
  16. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Anonymous Lausavísur, Lausavísur from Magnúss saga berfœtts 5’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 832-3.
  17. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Eldjárn, Lausavísur 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 406-7.
  18. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Magnús berfœttr Óláfsson, Lausavísur 2’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 386.
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