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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Alpost 3VII

Ian McDougall (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Allra postula minnisvísur 3’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 856-7.

Anonymous PoemsAllra postula minnisvísur

Gief þú Andréas yndi
oss er hiekkt á krossi,
svá að frumtígnar fagnað
fái menn í hóp þenna.
Sier til æstrar æru
almáttigr guð valdi
þig með þýðu fagri;
þitt vald tapaz oss aldri.
Signi hier guð sjálfr inni
sankte Andréas minni.

Andréas, er hiekkt á krossi, gief þú oss yndi, svá að menn fái í þenna hóp fagnað frumtígnar. Almáttigr guð valdi þig sier til æstrar æru með fagri þýðu; þitt vald tapaz oss aldri. Guð sjálfr signi hier inni minni sankte Andréas.

Andrew, who hung upon a cross, grant us joy, so that people may receive into this company the delight of supreme glory. Almighty God chose you for himself for the highest honour with fair gentleness; your might will never be lost from us. May God himself bless herein a memorial toast for Saint Andrew.

Mss: 721(15r)

Readings: [2] hiekkt: ‘hieck’ 721    [3] fagnað: ‘fangnad’ 721

Editions: Skj AII, 509-10, Skj BII, 559-60, Skald II, 306.

Notes: [1] Andréas yndi: With this skothending cf. Anon Andr 1/5: Andréas yndi. — [1] Andréas: On S. Andrew the Apostle, see Cross and Livingstone 1983, 51; Jón Þorkelsson 1888, 58, 61, 65-6; Bugge 1956, 133-8; Widding, Bekker-Nielsen and Shook 1963, 299-300; Foote 1976, 159-60; Cormack 1994, 78-80, 240. — [2] er hiekkt á krossi ‘[you] who hung upon a cross’: The wording is reminiscent of some of the accounts of Andrew’s crucifixion in the lists of Apostles which preface the Hieronymian Martyrologies (cf. Brev. 3; IO 69), which describe Andrew as cruci suspensus ‘suspended on a cross’. But it is not possible to point to a specific source for such a commonplace detail. Accounts of S. Andrew’s passion generally emphasise that he was tied, rather than nailed, to a cross (see Note to Andr 2/2; cf. Cross 1979, 170; Foote 1976, 153, 154, 159-60). — [2] hiekkt: The emendation from ms. ‘hieck’ is necessary to give a verb in the 2nd pers. sg. — [5] sier til æstrar æru ‘for himself for the highest honour’: This edn understands the highest honour to be S. Andrew’s, but it is possible to interpret the l. to understand the honour as God’s.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  3. Brev. = [Anonymous] ‘Incipit breviarium Apostolorum ex nomine vel locis ubi praedicaverunt, orti vel obiti sunt’. In Acta Sanctorum Novembris collecta digesta illustrata II.2, 3-4.
  4. Cormack, Margaret. 1994. The Saints in Iceland: Their Veneration from the Conversion to 1400. Studia Hagiographica 78. Brussels: Société des Bollandistes.
  5. Cross, F. L. and E. A. Livingstone. 1983. The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. 2nd edn. 4th impression. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 3rd rev. edn 2005 by E. A. Livingstone. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  6. Cross, James E. 1979. ‘Cynewulf’s traditions about the apostles in Fates of the Apostles’. ASE 8, 163-75.
  7. IO = Gómez, César C., ed. 1985. [Isidore of Seville] De ortu et obitu patrum. Auteurs Latins du Moyen Age. Paris: Société d’Editions ‘Les Belles Lettres’.
  8. Bugge, Anders. 1956. ‘Andreas’. KLNM 1, 133-8.
  9. Jón Þorkelsson [J. Thorkelsson]. 1888. Om digtningen på Island i det 15. og 16. århundrede. Copenhagen: Høst & søns forlag.
  10. Internal references
  11. Ian McDougall (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Andréasdrápa 1’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 846.
  12. Ian McDougall (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Andréasdrápa 2’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 847-8.

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