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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Vitn 4VII

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Vitnisvísur af Máríu 4’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 742-3.

Anonymous PoemsVitnisvísur af Máríu
345

brátt ‘quickly’

bráðr (adj.; °compar. -ari, superl. -astr): quick(ly)

notes

[2, 4] brátt, ótt ‘quickly, rapidly’: The two adjs (used adverbially) are parallel (see NN §1675; Skj B translates it as tit og ofte ‘now and again’).

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kveikjaz ‘are kindled’

2. kveikja (verb): kindle

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þar ‘there’

þar (adv.): there

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með ‘between’

með (prep.): with

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unga ‘the young’

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ótt ‘rapidly’

notes

[2, 4] brátt, ótt ‘quickly, rapidly’: The two adjs (used adverbially) are parallel (see NN §1675; Skj B translates it as tit og ofte ‘now and again’).

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konungs ‘the king’s’

konungr (noun m.; °dat. -i, -s; -ar): king < konungsdóttir (noun f.)

notes

[4] konungsdóttur ‘the king’s daughter’: The l. is unmetrical because the second lift falls on a short syllable (suspended resolution). Skald emends to konungsins dóttur ‘the king’s daughter’ (with an enclitic def. art.; see NN §3358 and 10/6 below). Konungs ‘the king’s’ is abbreviated as ‘konungs’ (713) or ‘konvngs’ (721) (see Note to 3/3 above).

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dóttur ‘daughter’

dóttir (noun f.; °dóttur, dat. dóttur/dǿtr/dóttir, acc. dóttur/dóttir, nom. dóttir/dóttur; dǿtr, gen. dǿtra (cf. [$1592$])): daughter < konungsdóttir (noun f.)

notes

[4] konungsdóttur ‘the king’s daughter’: The l. is unmetrical because the second lift falls on a short syllable (suspended resolution). Skald emends to konungsins dóttur ‘the king’s daughter’ (with an enclitic def. art.; see NN §3358 and 10/6 below). Konungs ‘the king’s’ is abbreviated as ‘konungs’ (713) or ‘konvngs’ (721) (see Note to 3/3 above).

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af ‘away from’

af (prep.): from

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sjaldan ‘rarely’

sjaldan (adv.): seldom

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aldri ‘never’

aldri (adv.): never

[6] aldri: om. 721

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það ‘that’

1. sá (pron.; °gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---): that (one), those

notes

[7-8] það varð áfeingt í ást af ástum ‘that was vehemently turned into love from the loves’: Það ‘that’ refers to the fact that the boy could not keep his eyes off the girl: he looked at her, and fell in love because of their mutual attraction. Varð áfeingt lit. means ‘turned intoxicatingly’, an apt description of his state of mind. Sperber reads í ást ‘into love’ as jast (m. acc. sg.) ‘yeast’ in both mss and suggests a meaning ‘fermented drink’ (see Sperber 1911, 70; Schottmann 1973, 377 n. 7). However, í ást ‘into love’ is written as two distinct words in both mss.

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varð ‘was’

1. verða (verb): become, be

notes

[7] varð ‘was’: Lit. ‘became’. Skald emends to var ‘was’ to achieve neutralisation in the first dip (two short syllables var í rather than a long + a short syllable varð í). Because the poem is late and the metre irregular, that emendation is unnecessary. — [7-8] það varð áfeingt í ást af ástum ‘that was vehemently turned into love from the loves’: Það ‘that’ refers to the fact that the boy could not keep his eyes off the girl: he looked at her, and fell in love because of their mutual attraction. Varð áfeingt lit. means ‘turned intoxicatingly’, an apt description of his state of mind. Sperber reads í ást ‘into love’ as jast (m. acc. sg.) ‘yeast’ in both mss and suggests a meaning ‘fermented drink’ (see Sperber 1911, 70; Schottmann 1973, 377 n. 7). However, í ást ‘into love’ is written as two distinct words in both mss.

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varð ‘was’

1. verða (verb): become, be

notes

[7] varð ‘was’: Lit. ‘became’. Skald emends to var ‘was’ to achieve neutralisation in the first dip (two short syllables var í rather than a long + a short syllable varð í). Because the poem is late and the metre irregular, that emendation is unnecessary. — [7-8] það varð áfeingt í ást af ástum ‘that was vehemently turned into love from the loves’: Það ‘that’ refers to the fact that the boy could not keep his eyes off the girl: he looked at her, and fell in love because of their mutual attraction. Varð áfeingt lit. means ‘turned intoxicatingly’, an apt description of his state of mind. Sperber reads í ást ‘into love’ as jast (m. acc. sg.) ‘yeast’ in both mss and suggests a meaning ‘fermented drink’ (see Sperber 1911, 70; Schottmann 1973, 377 n. 7). However, í ást ‘into love’ is written as two distinct words in both mss.

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í ‘into’

í (prep.): in, into

notes

[7-8] það varð áfeingt í ást af ástum ‘that was vehemently turned into love from the loves’: Það ‘that’ refers to the fact that the boy could not keep his eyes off the girl: he looked at her, and fell in love because of their mutual attraction. Varð áfeingt lit. means ‘turned intoxicatingly’, an apt description of his state of mind. Sperber reads í ást ‘into love’ as jast (m. acc. sg.) ‘yeast’ in both mss and suggests a meaning ‘fermented drink’ (see Sperber 1911, 70; Schottmann 1973, 377 n. 7). However, í ást ‘into love’ is written as two distinct words in both mss.

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ást ‘love’

ást (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): love

notes

[7-8] það varð áfeingt í ást af ástum ‘that was vehemently turned into love from the loves’: Það ‘that’ refers to the fact that the boy could not keep his eyes off the girl: he looked at her, and fell in love because of their mutual attraction. Varð áfeingt lit. means ‘turned intoxicatingly’, an apt description of his state of mind. Sperber reads í ást ‘into love’ as jast (m. acc. sg.) ‘yeast’ in both mss and suggests a meaning ‘fermented drink’ (see Sperber 1911, 70; Schottmann 1973, 377 n. 7). However, í ást ‘into love’ is written as two distinct words in both mss.

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af ‘from’

af (prep.): from

notes

[7-8] það varð áfeingt í ást af ástum ‘that was vehemently turned into love from the loves’: Það ‘that’ refers to the fact that the boy could not keep his eyes off the girl: he looked at her, and fell in love because of their mutual attraction. Varð áfeingt lit. means ‘turned intoxicatingly’, an apt description of his state of mind. Sperber reads í ást ‘into love’ as jast (m. acc. sg.) ‘yeast’ in both mss and suggests a meaning ‘fermented drink’ (see Sperber 1911, 70; Schottmann 1973, 377 n. 7). However, í ást ‘into love’ is written as two distinct words in both mss.

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ástum ‘the loves’

ást (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): love

notes

[7-8] það varð áfeingt í ást af ástum ‘that was vehemently turned into love from the loves’: Það ‘that’ refers to the fact that the boy could not keep his eyes off the girl: he looked at her, and fell in love because of their mutual attraction. Varð áfeingt lit. means ‘turned intoxicatingly’, an apt description of his state of mind. Sperber reads í ást ‘into love’ as jast (m. acc. sg.) ‘yeast’ in both mss and suggests a meaning ‘fermented drink’ (see Sperber 1911, 70; Schottmann 1973, 377 n. 7). However, í ást ‘into love’ is written as two distinct words in both mss.

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áfeingt ‘vehemently’

áfengr (adj.; °superl. -astr): [vehemently]

notes

[7-8] það varð áfeingt í ást af ástum ‘that was vehemently turned into love from the loves’: Það ‘that’ refers to the fact that the boy could not keep his eyes off the girl: he looked at her, and fell in love because of their mutual attraction. Varð áfeingt lit. means ‘turned intoxicatingly’, an apt description of his state of mind. Sperber reads í ást ‘into love’ as jast (m. acc. sg.) ‘yeast’ in both mss and suggests a meaning ‘fermented drink’ (see Sperber 1911, 70; Schottmann 1973, 377 n. 7). However, í ást ‘into love’ is written as two distinct words in both mss.

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gáfuz ‘gave each other’

gefa (verb): give

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