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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Vitn 3VII

Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Vitnisvísur af Máríu 3’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 742.

Anonymous PoemsVitnisvísur af Máríu
234

góðu ‘a good’

góðr (adj.): good

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ritning ‘writing’

ritning (noun f.; °-ar, dat. -u/-; -ar): writing, scripture

notes

[2] ritning ‘writing’: The poet’s source was likely a written text about Mary’s miracles (see Introduction above).

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svá ‘to that’

svá (adv.): so, thus

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kóngr ‘king’

kóngr (noun m.): king

[3] kóngr: ‘k̄gur’ 713, 721

notes

[3] kóngr ‘king’: This noun is abbreviated ‘k̄gur’ in both mss. Skj A, Sperber and Wrightson resolve it as kóngr ‘king’ (Skald has konungr). Kóngr seems warranted because of the internal rhyme (-óng- : -ung-; but see st. 4/4 below). For the contracted form, see ANG §125.4.

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unga ‘a young’

ungr (adj.): young

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óttlauss ‘A fearless’

óttlauss (adj.): fearless

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ðiz ‘grows’

2. fœða (verb): to feed, give food to, bring up, bear, give birth to

[5] ðiz: fæddisk 713, 721

notes

[5] ðiz ‘grows [up]’: Both mss read fæddiz (3rd pers. sg. pret. indic.) ‘grew up’, but the pres. tense of the verb (fæðiz) is required by the internal rhyme (-æð- : -íð-).

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Fríði ‘the Fríðr’

Fríðr (noun f.): Fríðr

[5] Fríði: so 721, fríðri 713

kennings

Fríði falds
‘the Fríðr of the head-dress ’
   = WOMAN

the Fríðr of the head-dress → WOMAN
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falds ‘of the head-dress’

faldr (noun m.; °; -ar): headdress

kennings

Fríði falds
‘the Fríðr of the head-dress ’
   = WOMAN

the Fríðr of the head-dress → WOMAN
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svinnr ‘A clever’

2. svinnr (adj.): wise

notes

[7]: The l. lacks internal rhyme. Wrightson tentatively reads ríki ‘realm’ in 721 as ranni ‘house’ (so also Sperber, but, although it is smudged, the abbreviation stands for <ik> (and 713 has ríki without abbreviation). Furthermore, there is no mention of a house in the preceding text.

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í ‘in’

í (prep.): in, into

notes

[7]: The l. lacks internal rhyme. Wrightson tentatively reads ríki ‘realm’ in 721 as ranni ‘house’ (so also Sperber, but, although it is smudged, the abbreviation stands for <ik> (and 713 has ríki without abbreviation). Furthermore, there is no mention of a house in the preceding text.

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sögðu ‘the said’

segja (verb): say, tell

notes

[7]: The l. lacks internal rhyme. Wrightson tentatively reads ríki ‘realm’ in 721 as ranni ‘house’ (so also Sperber, but, although it is smudged, the abbreviation stands for <ik> (and 713 has ríki without abbreviation). Furthermore, there is no mention of a house in the preceding text.

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ríki ‘realm’

ríki (noun n.; °-s; -): kingdom, power

notes

[7]: The l. lacks internal rhyme. Wrightson tentatively reads ríki ‘realm’ in 721 as ranni ‘house’ (so also Sperber, but, although it is smudged, the abbreviation stands for <ik> (and 713 has ríki without abbreviation). Furthermore, there is no mention of a house in the preceding text.

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af ‘of’

af (prep.): from

[8] af: om. 721

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