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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þul Hvala 1III

Elena Gurevich (ed.) 2017, ‘Anonymous Þulur, Hvala heiti 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 858.

Anonymous ÞulurHvala heiti

text and translation

Hafrhvalr, geirhvalr         ok hafgufa,
hnísa, hafstrambr         ok hnýðingar,
reyðr, reyðarkalfr         ok rauðkembingr,
búrungr, rostungr         ok blæjuhvalr.

Hafrhvalr, geirhvalr ok hafgufa, hnísa, hafstrambr ok hnýðingar, reyðr, reyðarkalfr ok rauðkembingr, búrungr, rostungr ok blæjuhvalr.
‘Buck-whale, minke whale and sea-fumer, porpoise, hafstrambr and long-finned pilot whales, rorqual, rorqual-calf and red-crest, sperm whale, walrus and nordcaper.

notes and context



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XII], IV. y. Hvala heiti 1: AI, 671-2, BI, 667, Skald I, 332, SnE 1848-87, I, 580, II, 481, 564, 624, SnE 1931, 207, SnE 1998, I, 127.


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