Cookies on our website

We use cookies on this website, mainly to provide a secure browsing experience but also to collect statistics on how the website is used. You can find out more about the cookies we set, the information we store and how we use it on the cookies page.



Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

Menu Search

Þul Á 3III

Elena Gurevich (ed.) 2017, ‘Anonymous Þulur, Á heiti 3’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 843.

Anonymous ÞulurÁ heiti

text and translation

Tifr, Durn, Vína,         Tems, Vǫnd ok Strǫnd,
Mǫrn, móða, þrym,         Morn ok Gautelfr,
alin, uðr, Alkoga         ok Eufrátes,
ógn, eiðrennir         ok Apardjón.

Tifr, Durn, Vína, Tems, Vǫnd ok Strǫnd, Mǫrn, móða, þrym, Morn ok Gautelfr, alin, uðr, Alkoga ok Eufrátes, ógn, eiðrennir ok Apardjón.
‘Tiber, Durn, Dvina, Thames, Vǫnd and Strǫnd, Marne, loamy stream, noise, Marne and Götaälv, nourished one, wave, Alkoga and Euphrates, terror, isthmus-runner and Aberdeen.

notes and context

Some of the geographical names listed here are also mentioned in other Old Norse learned sources. In Heimslýsing (Hb 1892-6, 150), four names recorded in the present stanza are listed among the great rivers of the world: Tifr, the Tiber (also spelled Tipr, Tibur) (l. 1), Vína, the Northern Dvina (l. 1), Olkoga (see Alkoga in l. 5 and Note there) and Eufrátes, the Euphrates (l. 6). Only a few of the remaining heiti can be identified with certainty, namely, Tems, the Thames (l. 2) and Gautelfr, the Götaälv (l. 4).



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XII], IV. v. Á heiti 3: AI, 669-70, BI, 666, Skald I, 331; SnE 1848-87, I, 576-7, II, 480, 563, 622-3, SnE 1931, 206, SnE 1998, I, 125.


Log in

This service is only available to members of the relevant projects, and to purchasers of the skaldic volumes published by Brepols.
This service uses cookies. By logging in you agree to the use of cookies on your browser.


Stanza/chapter/text segment

Use the buttons at the top of the page to navigate between stanzas in a poem.

Information tab

Interactive tab

The text and translation are given here, with buttons to toggle whether the text is shown in the verse order or prose word order. Clicking on indiviudal words gives dictionary links, variant readings, kennings and notes, where relevant.

Full text tab

This is the text of the edition in a similar format to how the edition appears in the printed volumes.

Chapter/text segment

This view is also used for chapters and other text segments. Not all the headings shown are relevant to such sections.