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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Heil 2VII

Kirsten Wolf (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Heilagra manna drápa 2’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 874.

Anonymous PoemsHeilagra manna drápa
123

H… ‘H...’

(non-lexical)

[1] H…: ‘[...]’ 399a‑bˣ

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mátti ‘it was’

mega (verb): may, might

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á ‘’

3. á (prep.): on, at

notes

[3] á hendi: Lit. ‘in the hand’. Kock (Skald) emends to hendi á; see, however, NN §1767.

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hendi ‘’

hǫnd (noun f.; °handar, dat. hendi; hendr (hendir StatPáll³ 752¹²)): hand

notes

[3] á hendi: Lit. ‘in the hand’. Kock (Skald) emends to hendi á; see, however, NN §1767.

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fal ‘commended’

2. fela (verb): hide

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góðr ‘good’

góðr (adj.): good

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drottins ‘of the Lord’

dróttinn (noun m.; °dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar): lord, master

kennings

móður drottins.
‘the mother of the Lord. ’
   = Mary

the mother of the Lord. → Mary
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móður ‘the mother’

móðir (noun f.): mother

kennings

móður drottins.
‘the mother of the Lord. ’
   = Mary

the mother of the Lord. → Mary
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Dæmi ‘models’

dœmi (noun n.; °-s; -): judgement, example

[5] Dæmi: uncertain and hardly visible 720a VI, Deyr 399a‑bˣ

notes

[5-6] hinn dýri Tómas kvað þau dæmi dauða og allar nauðir vild ‘the glorious Thomas declared those models of death [i.e. the models of the early martyrs] and all torments to be desirable’: Kock (NN §1765) takes dæmi to mean ‘events’ or ‘experiences’, interpreting the two ll. as follows: Hinn dýri Thómás kvað þau dæmi og allar nauðir vild dauða ‘The glorious Thomas declared that those experiences and all torments were a desirable death’. Here, however, as in Skj B, vild, from vildr (adj.) ‘desirable’ is understood to modify the phrase þau dæmi dauða og allir nauðir.

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þau ‘those’

1. sá (pron.; °gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---): that (one), those

notes

[5-6] hinn dýri Tómas kvað þau dæmi dauða og allar nauðir vild ‘the glorious Thomas declared those models of death [i.e. the models of the early martyrs] and all torments to be desirable’: Kock (NN §1765) takes dæmi to mean ‘events’ or ‘experiences’, interpreting the two ll. as follows: Hinn dýri Thómás kvað þau dæmi og allar nauðir vild dauða ‘The glorious Thomas declared that those experiences and all torments were a desirable death’. Here, however, as in Skj B, vild, from vildr (adj.) ‘desirable’ is understood to modify the phrase þau dæmi dauða og allir nauðir.

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kvað ‘declared’

2. kveðja (verb): say, greet

notes

[5-6] hinn dýri Tómas kvað þau dæmi dauða og allar nauðir vild ‘the glorious Thomas declared those models of death [i.e. the models of the early martyrs] and all torments to be desirable’: Kock (NN §1765) takes dæmi to mean ‘events’ or ‘experiences’, interpreting the two ll. as follows: Hinn dýri Thómás kvað þau dæmi og allar nauðir vild dauða ‘The glorious Thomas declared that those experiences and all torments were a desirable death’. Here, however, as in Skj B, vild, from vildr (adj.) ‘desirable’ is understood to modify the phrase þau dæmi dauða og allir nauðir.

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hinn ‘The’

2. inn (art.): the

notes

[5-6] hinn dýri Tómas kvað þau dæmi dauða og allar nauðir vild ‘the glorious Thomas declared those models of death [i.e. the models of the early martyrs] and all torments to be desirable’: Kock (NN §1765) takes dæmi to mean ‘events’ or ‘experiences’, interpreting the two ll. as follows: Hinn dýri Thómás kvað þau dæmi og allar nauðir vild dauða ‘The glorious Thomas declared that those experiences and all torments were a desirable death’. Here, however, as in Skj B, vild, from vildr (adj.) ‘desirable’ is understood to modify the phrase þau dæmi dauða og allir nauðir.

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dýri ‘glorious’

dýrr (adj.; °compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -str/-astr): precious

notes

[5-6] hinn dýri Tómas kvað þau dæmi dauða og allar nauðir vild ‘the glorious Thomas declared those models of death [i.e. the models of the early martyrs] and all torments to be desirable’: Kock (NN §1765) takes dæmi to mean ‘events’ or ‘experiences’, interpreting the two ll. as follows: Hinn dýri Thómás kvað þau dæmi og allar nauðir vild dauða ‘The glorious Thomas declared that those experiences and all torments were a desirable death’. Here, however, as in Skj B, vild, from vildr (adj.) ‘desirable’ is understood to modify the phrase þau dæmi dauða og allir nauðir.

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Tómas ‘Thomas’

Thomas (noun m.): Thomas

notes

[5-6] hinn dýri Tómas kvað þau dæmi dauða og allar nauðir vild ‘the glorious Thomas declared those models of death [i.e. the models of the early martyrs] and all torments to be desirable’: Kock (NN §1765) takes dæmi to mean ‘events’ or ‘experiences’, interpreting the two ll. as follows: Hinn dýri Thómás kvað þau dæmi og allar nauðir vild dauða ‘The glorious Thomas declared that those experiences and all torments were a desirable death’. Here, however, as in Skj B, vild, from vildr (adj.) ‘desirable’ is understood to modify the phrase þau dæmi dauða og allir nauðir.

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dauða ‘of death’

dauði (noun m.; °-a; -ar): death

notes

[5-6] hinn dýri Tómas kvað þau dæmi dauða og allar nauðir vild ‘the glorious Thomas declared those models of death [i.e. the models of the early martyrs] and all torments to be desirable’: Kock (NN §1765) takes dæmi to mean ‘events’ or ‘experiences’, interpreting the two ll. as follows: Hinn dýri Thómás kvað þau dæmi og allar nauðir vild dauða ‘The glorious Thomas declared that those experiences and all torments were a desirable death’. Here, however, as in Skj B, vild, from vildr (adj.) ‘desirable’ is understood to modify the phrase þau dæmi dauða og allir nauðir.

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vild ‘desirable’

vilðr (adj.): desirable

[6] vild: uncertain and hardly visible 720a VI, hold(?) 399a‑bˣ

notes

[5-6] hinn dýri Tómas kvað þau dæmi dauða og allar nauðir vild ‘the glorious Thomas declared those models of death [i.e. the models of the early martyrs] and all torments to be desirable’: Kock (NN §1765) takes dæmi to mean ‘events’ or ‘experiences’, interpreting the two ll. as follows: Hinn dýri Thómás kvað þau dæmi og allar nauðir vild dauða ‘The glorious Thomas declared that those experiences and all torments were a desirable death’. Here, however, as in Skj B, vild, from vildr (adj.) ‘desirable’ is understood to modify the phrase þau dæmi dauða og allir nauðir.

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og ‘and’

3. ok (conj.): and, but; also

notes

[5-6] hinn dýri Tómas kvað þau dæmi dauða og allar nauðir vild ‘the glorious Thomas declared those models of death [i.e. the models of the early martyrs] and all torments to be desirable’: Kock (NN §1765) takes dæmi to mean ‘events’ or ‘experiences’, interpreting the two ll. as follows: Hinn dýri Thómás kvað þau dæmi og allar nauðir vild dauða ‘The glorious Thomas declared that those experiences and all torments were a desirable death’. Here, however, as in Skj B, vild, from vildr (adj.) ‘desirable’ is understood to modify the phrase þau dæmi dauða og allir nauðir.

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allar ‘all’

allr (adj.): all

notes

[5-6] hinn dýri Tómas kvað þau dæmi dauða og allar nauðir vild ‘the glorious Thomas declared those models of death [i.e. the models of the early martyrs] and all torments to be desirable’: Kock (NN §1765) takes dæmi to mean ‘events’ or ‘experiences’, interpreting the two ll. as follows: Hinn dýri Thómás kvað þau dæmi og allar nauðir vild dauða ‘The glorious Thomas declared that those experiences and all torments were a desirable death’. Here, however, as in Skj B, vild, from vildr (adj.) ‘desirable’ is understood to modify the phrase þau dæmi dauða og allir nauðir.

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nauðir ‘torments’

neyð (noun f.; °dat. -): need, distress

notes

[5-6] hinn dýri Tómas kvað þau dæmi dauða og allar nauðir vild ‘the glorious Thomas declared those models of death [i.e. the models of the early martyrs] and all torments to be desirable’: Kock (NN §1765) takes dæmi to mean ‘events’ or ‘experiences’, interpreting the two ll. as follows: Hinn dýri Thómás kvað þau dæmi og allar nauðir vild dauða ‘The glorious Thomas declared that those experiences and all torments were a desirable death’. Here, however, as in Skj B, vild, from vildr (adj.) ‘desirable’ is understood to modify the phrase þau dæmi dauða og allir nauðir.

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alla ‘his entire’

allr (adj.): all

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

[1]: Because of the fragmentary nature of the st., it cannot be determined where H[...] should be placed in the Prose order. Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) suggests the emendation Herma vann which he translates as ‘spoke’; Kahle suggests Herma nam ‘spoke’; Kock (Skald, NN §1764) suggests Herra hann ‘Lord he’. — [7-8]: The description in these ll. of the head wound that killed Thomas corresponds closely to that of the prose lives: the first blow was largely deflected by the arm of the clerk Edward Grim; the second sliced off the top of Becket’s head and he fell face downwards. According to the saga, he awaited the second blow with bowed head, með hneigðu höfði (Unger 1869, 261 and 441; Eiríkur Magnússon 1875-83, I, 544).

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