Elena Gurevich (ed.) 2017, ‘Anonymous Þulur, Konunga heiti 2’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 689.
hildingr (noun m.; °; -ar): king, ruler
 Hildingr: so B, hildingr ok A
1. harri (noun m.; °-a): lord
 harri (m.) ‘lord’: According to AEW, harri is a loanword either from OE hearra or from MLG herre ‘lord’. Like the majority of other terms for ‘prince’ listed in this stanza, the word is used mostly in poetry (see Fritzner: harri; LP: harri). In Skm (SnE 1998, I, 101), Harri is mentioned among the names of the sons of Hálfdan gamli (see Introduction above).
hertogi (noun m.): duke
 hertogi: ‘her[…]gi’ B, ‘hertugí’ 744ˣ
 hertogi (m.) ‘army-leader’: The word originally meant ‘army-’ or ‘war-leader’ and is often used in this sense in poetry (cf. tyggi m. ‘chieftain’, st. 1/8 above). Owing to foreign influence, hertogi later became the Scandinavian honorific for ‘duke’ (< MLG hertoge, hertoch; see Notes to Sturl Hákkv 23/8II and Ólhv Hryn 5/8II).
mæringr (noun m.): famous one
 mæringr (m.) ‘illustrious one’: A characterising noun (with the suffix -ingr) from the adj. mærr ‘illustrious, famous’. See also mildingr ‘munificent one’ in l. 4 and Þul Manna 3/7.
hilmir (noun m.): prince, protector
 hilmir (m.) ‘helmet-provider’: A common poetic term for ‘ruler’, which could be derived from hjálmr m. ‘helmet’ (< Proto Nordic *helmiaʀ; AEW: hilmir). It could also refer to a ruler who is a ‘helmet’ to his people, i.e. ‘protector’ (cf. OE helm ‘helm’ and helm ‘protector’, Beowulf 2008, 394). In Skm (SnE 1998, I, 101), Hilmir is a son of Hálfdan gamli (see Introduction above). See also Note to st. 3/3 below.
mildingr (noun m.; °-s): ruler, generous one
 mildingr: ‘m[…]lldinngr’ B, mildingr 744ˣ
 mildingr (m.) ‘munificent one’: From the adj. mildr ‘generous, munificent’. See also mæringr ‘illustrious one’ in l. 3 above and Þul Manna 3/7.
Nórr (noun m.): Nórr
 Nórr: nór A, B
lofðungr (noun m.; °; -ar): king, leader
Niflungr (noun m.; °; -ar): one of Niflungar
 niflungr (m.) ‘one of the Niflungar’: A legendary family (MHG Nibelungen), the sons of the Burgundian king Gjúki. The sg. form, which must be a new formation from the pl. Niflungar, is attested only in eddic poetry; cf. geir-Niflungr ‘spear-Niflungr’ in Akv 25/2 (NK 244), where it refers to Gunnarr Gjúkason. In Vǫlsunga saga (Vǫls 1965, ch. 40, 73) it is used as a pers. n., Niflungr Hǫgnason. According to Skm (SnE 1998, I, 103), the Niflungar were the descendants of King Nefir, one of the sons of Hálfdan gamli (see Introduction above; cf. also Flat 1860-8, I, 25-6). As a common noun, niflungr is not attested elsewhere in skaldic poetry, but it appears frequently in the rímur (Finnur Jónsson 1926-8: niflungr). The provenance of the word is unsure and disputed.
landreki (noun m.): land-ruler
þengill (noun m.): prince, ruler
vísi (noun m.; °-a): leader
 vísi (m.) ‘leader’: An agent noun derived from the weak verb vísa ‘direct’ (cf. OHG wīso, OE wīsa ‘leader’). The later form of the word is vísir, and both forms are used only in poetry.
þjóðann (noun m.): prince, sovereign
 þjóðann (m.) ‘sovereign’: Lit. ‘ruler of a nation (þjóð)’. Cf. Goth. þiudans, OE ðeoden ‘lord’.
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