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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Heil 11VII

Kirsten Wolf (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Heilagra manna drápa 11’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 880-1.

Anonymous PoemsHeilagra manna drápa
101112

Dómiciánus ‘Domicianus’

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Rustícum ‘Rusticus’

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Jésú ‘of Jesus’

Jésús (noun m.): Jesus

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Elutéríum ‘Elutherius’

[4] Elutéríum: with ‘Elueirtum’ in margin 399a‑bˣ

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kvelja ‘be tormented’

kvelja (verb): torment, torture

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Lifnaðar ‘of the [good] life’

lifnaðr (noun m.): [[good] life]

kennings

Smiðr lifnaðar
‘The smith of the [good] life ’
   = HOLY MAN = Dionysius

The smith of the [good] life → HOLY MAN = Dionysius

notes

[5] smiðr lifnaðar ‘smith of the [good] life’: The reference is to Dionysius, though LP: lifnaðr identifies the referent of this kenning as Rusticus, while Kahle (1898, 117), who expresses uncertainty, indentifies it as Elutherius. The prose saga, however, states clearly that it was Dionysius who was tortured in a burning oven (þa let greifinn kynda ofn gloanda ok kastadi þangat Dionisio ‘then the count had a burning oven heated and threw Dionysius into it’, Unger 1877, I, 317). Dionysius is also the referent of the second kenning (l. 8), as the saga refers to him on several occasions as enn forni karl ‘the old fellow’.

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smiðr ‘The smith’

smiðr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -i/-; -ar/-ir, acc. -a/-i/-u): smithy, something crafted

kennings

Smiðr lifnaðar
‘The smith of the [good] life ’
   = HOLY MAN = Dionysius

The smith of the [good] life → HOLY MAN = Dionysius

notes

[5] smiðr lifnaðar ‘smith of the [good] life’: The reference is to Dionysius, though LP: lifnaðr identifies the referent of this kenning as Rusticus, while Kahle (1898, 117), who expresses uncertainty, indentifies it as Elutherius. The prose saga, however, states clearly that it was Dionysius who was tortured in a burning oven (þa let greifinn kynda ofn gloanda ok kastadi þangat Dionisio ‘then the count had a burning oven heated and threw Dionysius into it’, Unger 1877, I, 317). Dionysius is also the referent of the second kenning (l. 8), as the saga refers to him on several occasions as enn forni karl ‘the old fellow’.

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loganda ‘a burning’

2. loga (verb): burn

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leingi ‘for a long time’

lengi (adv.): for a long time

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stóð ‘stood’

standa (verb): stand

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næri ‘almost’

næri (adv.): near

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hafði ‘was’

hafa (verb): have

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náðar ‘of mercy’

náð (noun f.; °-ar; náðir/náðr): grace, peace

[8] náðar: ‘na[...]ar’ 720a VI, náð 399a‑bˣ

kennings

valdr náðar
‘the possessor of mercy ’
   = HOLY MAN = Dionysius

the possessor of mercy → HOLY MAN = Dionysius
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valdr ‘the possessor’

valdr (noun m.): ruler

[8] valdr: hardly visible 720a VI, fullum 399a‑bˣ

kennings

valdr náðar
‘the possessor of mercy ’
   = HOLY MAN = Dionysius

the possessor of mercy → HOLY MAN = Dionysius
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er ‘when’

2. er (conj.): who, which, when

notes

[8] er háði þrautir ‘when he engaged in his struggles’: That is, when he was martyred. Cf. 9/7-8.

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þrautir ‘struggles’

þraut (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): struggle

notes

[8] er háði þrautir ‘when he engaged in his struggles’: That is, when he was martyred. Cf. 9/7-8.

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háði ‘engaged’

2. heyja (verb): fight, wage (battle)

notes

[8] er háði þrautir ‘when he engaged in his struggles’: That is, when he was martyred. Cf. 9/7-8.

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