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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þul Women 2III

Elena Gurevich (ed.) 2017, ‘Anonymous Þulur, Heiti for women 2’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 993.

Anonymous ÞulurHeiti for women

text and translation

Blíð es mær við móður;
mála drekkr á ekkju;
kvíðir kerling eiðu;
kveðr dóttir vel beðju.
Opt finnr ambátt hǫptu;
æ ’r frilla grǫm sværu;
kiljar kván ok elja;
kann nipt við snør skipta.

Mær es blíð við móður; mála drekkr á ekkju; kerling kvíðir eiðu; dóttir kveðr vel beðju. Ambátt finnr opt hǫptu; frilla [e]r æ grǫm sværu; kván ok elja kiljar; nipt kann skipta við snør.
‘The maiden is friendly towards her mother; a confidante drinks to a widow; an old woman worries about her mother; the daughter welcomes her bedfellow. The handmaid often visits the bondwoman; a mistress is forever angry with the mother-in-law; the wife and the concubine quarrel; the sister can deal with the daughter-in-law.

notes and context

Most of the terms denoting social roles of women and terms of female kinship mentioned in this stanza are listed in the second part of the chapter Kvinna heiti ókend of Skm (SnE 1998, I, 107-8), but only three of them (mær ‘maiden’, kerling ‘old woman’ and ekkja ‘widow’) are also present in Þul Kvenna I.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XII], I. III. 2. Þulur: Forskellige: Kvindenavne b: AI, 652, BI, 657, Skald I, 322; SnE 1848-87, II, 363, 491.


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