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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Heil 10VII

Kirsten Wolf (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Heilagra manna drápa 10’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 879-80.

Anonymous PoemsHeilagra manna drápa
91011

læt* ‘’

láta (verb): let, have sth done

[1] læt* eg: lætr 720a VI

notes

[1] Eg læt* ‘I praise’: Lætr (so 720a VI) is 3rd pers. sg. and a 1st pers. verb (as also in sts 4, 5 and 25) is required here. The emendation proposed by Skj B is followed here. Verðan in l. 1 qualifies Díonísíum (l. 2) and dásemd agrees with them in case (acc.) and gender.

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eg ‘I’

ek (pron.; °mín, dat. mér, acc. mik): I, me

[1] læt* eg: lætr 720a VI

notes

[1] Eg læt* ‘I praise’: Lætr (so 720a VI) is 3rd pers. sg. and a 1st pers. verb (as also in sts 4, 5 and 25) is required here. The emendation proposed by Skj B is followed here. Verðan in l. 1 qualifies Díonísíum (l. 2) and dásemd agrees with them in case (acc.) and gender.

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verðan ‘to be [who is]’

1. verða (verb): become, be

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Díonísíum ‘Dionysius’

Dionysius (noun ?): Dionysius

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prísað ‘praise’

2. prísa (verb): praise

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heilagan ‘a holy man’

heilagr (adj.; °helgan; compar. -ari, superl. -astr): holy, sacred

notes

[3-4] hinn hæsti Paulus gerði hann heilagan af einum villumanni ‘the highest Paul turned him into a holy man from a heretic’: Cf. Acts XVII.34, where there is a reference to S. Paul converting various sceptics, including Dionysius the Areopagite, who was confused in medieval hagiography with Dionysius of Paris.

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gerði ‘turned’

1. gera (verb): do, make

notes

[3-4] hinn hæsti Paulus gerði hann heilagan af einum villumanni ‘the highest Paul turned him into a holy man from a heretic’: Cf. Acts XVII.34, where there is a reference to S. Paul converting various sceptics, including Dionysius the Areopagite, who was confused in medieval hagiography with Dionysius of Paris.

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hinn ‘the’

2. inn (art.): the

notes

[3-4] hinn hæsti Paulus gerði hann heilagan af einum villumanni ‘the highest Paul turned him into a holy man from a heretic’: Cf. Acts XVII.34, where there is a reference to S. Paul converting various sceptics, including Dionysius the Areopagite, who was confused in medieval hagiography with Dionysius of Paris.

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hæsti ‘highest’

3. hár (adj.; °-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr): high

notes

[3-4] hinn hæsti Paulus gerði hann heilagan af einum villumanni ‘the highest Paul turned him into a holy man from a heretic’: Cf. Acts XVII.34, where there is a reference to S. Paul converting various sceptics, including Dionysius the Areopagite, who was confused in medieval hagiography with Dionysius of Paris.

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Paulus ‘Paul’

Paulus (noun m.): [Paul, for Paul]

notes

[3-4] hinn hæsti Paulus gerði hann heilagan af einum villumanni ‘the highest Paul turned him into a holy man from a heretic’: Cf. Acts XVII.34, where there is a reference to S. Paul converting various sceptics, including Dionysius the Areopagite, who was confused in medieval hagiography with Dionysius of Paris.

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hann ‘him’

hann (pron.; °gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana): he, she, it, they, them...

notes

[3-4] hinn hæsti Paulus gerði hann heilagan af einum villumanni ‘the highest Paul turned him into a holy man from a heretic’: Cf. Acts XVII.34, where there is a reference to S. Paul converting various sceptics, including Dionysius the Areopagite, who was confused in medieval hagiography with Dionysius of Paris.

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af ‘from’

af (prep.): from

notes

[3-4] hinn hæsti Paulus gerði hann heilagan af einum villumanni ‘the highest Paul turned him into a holy man from a heretic’: Cf. Acts XVII.34, where there is a reference to S. Paul converting various sceptics, including Dionysius the Areopagite, who was confused in medieval hagiography with Dionysius of Paris.

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einum ‘a’

2. einn (pron.; °decl. cf. einn num.): one, alone

notes

[3-4] hinn hæsti Paulus gerði hann heilagan af einum villumanni ‘the highest Paul turned him into a holy man from a heretic’: Cf. Acts XVII.34, where there is a reference to S. Paul converting various sceptics, including Dionysius the Areopagite, who was confused in medieval hagiography with Dionysius of Paris.

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villumanni ‘heretic’

villumaðr (noun m.): false one, heretic

notes

[3-4] hinn hæsti Paulus gerði hann heilagan af einum villumanni ‘the highest Paul turned him into a holy man from a heretic’: Cf. Acts XVII.34, where there is a reference to S. Paul converting various sceptics, including Dionysius the Areopagite, who was confused in medieval hagiography with Dionysius of Paris.

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Clémens ‘Clement’

Clemens (noun ?): [Clement]

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guðspjalls ‘of the Gospel’

guðspell (noun n.): gospel

kennings

geymi guðspjalls
‘the guardian of the Gospel ’
   = HOLY MAN

the guardian of the Gospel → HOLY MAN
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geymi ‘the guardian’

geymir (noun m.): guardian, keeper

[5] geymi: so 399a‑bˣ, geymir 720a VI

kennings

geymi guðspjalls
‘the guardian of the Gospel ’
   = HOLY MAN

the guardian of the Gospel → HOLY MAN
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Gallíam ‘of Gaul’

Gallía (noun f.): [Gaul]

[6] Gallíam: so 399a‑bˣ, Gallam 720a VI

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alla ‘all’

allr (adj.): all

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‘that’

4. at (conj.): that

notes

[8] (inf. marker) ‘to’: See Note to st. 6/6.

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Frakkar ‘the Franks’

2. frakkr (adj.): a Frank

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sneruz ‘turned’

snúa (verb): turn

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til ‘to [lit. of]’

til (prep.): to

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þakka ‘to thanks’

þǫkk (noun f.; °þakkar; þakkar/þakkir): thanks

[8] þakka: ‘[...] kka’ 720a VI, (þa)kka 399a‑bˣ

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Interactive view: tap on words in the text for notes and glosses

Sts 10-13 celebrate S. Dionysius (Denis or Denys), bishop of Paris, d. c. 250, for a long time regarded as the patron saint of France. According to Gregory of Tours (Krusch 1937, 23) he is supposed to have been sent into Gaul as a missionary by Pope Clement I (active c. 96 AD; on his cult in Scandinavia see Hofmann 1997 and Carron 2005) and to have been beheaded a few years later at Montmartre, along with a priest named Rusticus and a deacon, Eleutherius. Two fragments of a Dionysius saga are preserved in late ON mss (Unger 1877, I, 312-22, Widding, Bekker-Nielsen and Shook 1963, 307; Foote 1962, 22). S. Dionysius was co-patron of churches at Engey (C14th) and Reykholt, and co-patron of the altar at Viðey monastery (Cormack 1994, 93).

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