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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Sól 67VII

Carolyne Larrington and Peter Robinson (eds) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Sólarljóð 67’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 343-4.

Anonymous PoemsSólarljóð
666768

Menn sá ek þá,        er margt höfðu
        orð á annan logit;
heljar hrafnar        ór höfði þeim
        harðliga sjónir slitu.

Ek sá menn þá, er höfðu logit margt orð á annan; hrafnar heljar slitu harðliga sjónir ór höfði þeim.

I saw men then who had greatly slandered another; Hell’s ravens violently tore the eyes out of their heads.

Mss: 166bˣ(48r), papp15ˣ(6v), 738ˣ(83r), 167b 6ˣ(3v), 214ˣ(151v), 1441ˣ(586), 10575ˣ(9v), 2797ˣ(236)

Readings: [1] þá: þar 2797ˣ    [2] höfðu: so papp15ˣ, 214ˣ, 1441ˣ, 2797ˣ, hafa 166bˣ, 738ˣ, 167b 6ˣ, 10575ˣ    [3] orð: ‘o[...]’ 214ˣ    [6] harðliga sjónir slitu: slitu harðliga sjónir 738ˣ, ‘hardleg[...] sjónir slitu’ 214ˣ, sárliga sjónir slitu 2797ˣ

Editions: Skj AI, 638, Skj BI, 646, Skald I, 314-15; Bugge 1867, 367, Falk 1914, 39, Björn M. Ólsen 1915, 20, Fidjestøl 1979, 69, Njörður Njarðvík 1991, 94-5, Njörður Njarðvík 1993, 73, 141.

Notes: [2] höfðu ‘had’: The past tense is generally used in this section to refer to sinners’ lives on earth, though see 61/2. — [4] hrafnar heljar ‘Hell’s ravens’: These ravens may be associated with the pagan goddess of death, Hel (although Óðinn was traditionally the owner of ravens; cf. Tate 1985, 1032), as well as with the Christian realm of punishment; see Note to 38/4. — [6] slitu sjónir ‘tore the eyes (out)’: In Fj 45/1-3 Svipdagr is threatened with having his eyes pecked out by ravens as a punishment for lying: horskir hrafnar | skulu þér á hám gálga | slíta sjónir úr | ef þú þat lýgr ‘wise ravens shall, on high gallows, tear out your eyes if you are lying about that’.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  3. Fidjestøl, Bjarne, ed. 1979a. Sólarljóð: Tydning og Tolkningsgrunnlag. Nordisk Instituts skrifteserie 4. Bergen, Oslo and Tromsø: Universitetsforlaget.
  4. Björn Magnússon Ólsen, ed. 1915a. Sólarljóð: gefin út með skíringum og athugasemdum. Safn til sögu Íslands og íslenzkra bókmenta 5.1. Reykjavík: Prentsmiðja Gutenberg.
  5. Bugge, Sophus, ed. 1867. Norrœn fornkvæði. Islandsk samling af folkelige oldtidsdigte om nordens guder og heroer. Almindelig kaldet Sæmundar Edda hins frøda. Christiania (Oslo): Malling. Rpt. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget 1965.
  6. Falk, Hjalmar, ed. 1914a. Sólarljóð. Videnskapsselskapets skrifter II. Hist.-filos. kl. 7. 2 vols. Kristiania (Oslo): Dybwad.
  7. Njörður P. Njarðvik, ed. 1991. Sólarljóð. Útgáfa og umfjöllun. Íslensk Rit 10. Reykjavík: Bókmenntafræðistofnun Háskóla Íslands og Menningarsjóður.
  8. Njörður P. Njarðvik. 1993. Solsången. Akademisk avhandling för filosofiedoktorsexamen i nordiska språk. Göteborgs universitet: Institutionen för svensk språket.
  9. Internal references
  10. Not published: do not cite ()
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