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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Sól 62VII

Carolyne Larrington and Peter Robinson (eds) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Sólarljóð 62’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 340.

Anonymous PoemsSólarljóð
616263

‘saw’

2. sjá (verb): see

[1] ek: so papp15ˣ, 738ˣ, 167b 6ˣ, 214ˣ, 1441ˣ, 10575ˣ, 2797ˣ, ek sá 166bˣ

notes

[1] sá ek þá ‘I saw then’: See Note to 61/1. Here also the reading þá has been chosen to preserve stylistic uniformity in preference to 166bˣ’s and other mss’ þar.

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ek ‘I’

ek (pron.; °mín, dat. mér, acc. mik): I, me

[1] ek: so papp15ˣ, 738ˣ, 167b 6ˣ, 214ˣ, 1441ˣ, 10575ˣ, 2797ˣ, ek sá 166bˣ

notes

[1] sá ek þá ‘I saw then’: See Note to 61/1. Here also the reading þá has been chosen to preserve stylistic uniformity in preference to 166bˣ’s and other mss’ þar.

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þá ‘then’

2. þá (adv.): then

[1] þá: so 214ˣ, 1441ˣ, þar 166bˣ, papp15ˣ, 738ˣ, 167b 6ˣ, 10575ˣ, 2797ˣ

notes

[1] sá ek þá ‘I saw then’: See Note to 61/1. Here also the reading þá has been chosen to preserve stylistic uniformity in preference to 166bˣ’s and other mss’ þar.

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marga ‘many’

2. margr (adj.; °-an): many

[2] marga: er marga 214ˣ, 1441ˣ, margu 10575ˣ

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ófegri ‘’

ófagr (adj.)

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ófegna ‘unhappy’

ófeginn (adj./verb p.p.): [unhappy]

[2] ófegna: ófegri 738ˣ, ófegri corrected from ‘ofegrgra’ 167b 6ˣ, ófegra 214ˣ, fegna 10575ˣ

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villir ‘astray’

villr (adj.): astray, erring, crazed

[3] villir: allir villir papp15ˣ, 2797ˣ

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kaupir ‘purchases’

kaupa (verb): buy

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apaz ‘fools himself’

2. apa (verb): make a monkey of

[6] apaz: apar papp15ˣ

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ó ‘the mis’

ó- ((prefix)): un- < 1. óheill (noun n.)

notes

[6] óheillum ‘misfortunes’: Being unfortunate is not one of the usual sins, unlike öfund ‘envy’ (st. 61), covetousness (st. 63), theft (st. 64), failure to attend divine service (st. 65), pride (st. 66) and slander (st. 67) which can be paralleled in other visions of Hell, and in sermon exempla. The word produces an unmetrical l., so it is possible that originally a different noun stood in its place. NN §2147D and Skald change the w.o. of the l. to at óheillum apask. Njörður Njarðvík (1991, 92) suggests that worldliness has led these men from the path of righteousness.

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heillum ‘fortunes’

2. heill (noun n.; °; -): fortune < 1. óheill (noun n.)

notes

[6] óheillum ‘misfortunes’: Being unfortunate is not one of the usual sins, unlike öfund ‘envy’ (st. 61), covetousness (st. 63), theft (st. 64), failure to attend divine service (st. 65), pride (st. 66) and slander (st. 67) which can be paralleled in other visions of Hell, and in sermon exempla. The word produces an unmetrical l., so it is possible that originally a different noun stood in its place. NN §2147D and Skald change the w.o. of the l. to at óheillum apask. Njörður Njarðvík (1991, 92) suggests that worldliness has led these men from the path of righteousness.

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