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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Orma heiti — Þul OrmaIII

Anonymous Þulur

Elena Gurevich 2017, ‘ Anonymous, Orma heiti’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 927. <https://skaldic.org/m.php?p=text&i=3235> (accessed 18 September 2021)

 

This þula (Þul Orma) is recorded in mss A and B (and 744ˣ) of Skm (SnE). In both mss, the þula has the heading Orma heiti ‘Names for serpents’ (in A, as usual, written in red ink). Most of the heiti enumerated in this þula are not attested in other sources. In the þulur-sequence, Þul Orma is preceded by a set of þulur relating to heaven, heavenly bodies and elements which ends with fire-heiti in Þul Elds, and it is followed by Þul Hesta and þulur containing heiti for various birds. Although the lists of serpent- and horse-names might have been expected to appear among þulur relating to animals, this ordering can probably be explained by their association with the preceding and following þulur through such serpent-heiti as fúrr ‘fire’ and flugdreki ‘flying dragon’ (st. 1/5) and the heiti for a mythical horse that pulls the Day, Glaðr, evidently a sky dweller, whose name comes first in Þul Hesta (on the ordering of the þulur, see Introduction to Anonymous Þulur). Many of the heiti in this þula are also recorded in LaufE (LaufE 1979, 299, 384-5; mss papp10ˣ(50r), 2338ˣ(123), 743ˣ(93r)), although the beginning of that list in the LaufE redaction was copied from Skm (SnE 1998, I, 90). The variants show that the heiti from the present þula derive from a ms. closer to A than to B (or from a ms. higher up the stemma than those mss), and variants from LaufE have therefore been considered in the Notes of this edition when pertinent. The list was copied from a LaufE ms. in RE 1665(Kk), which has no independent value.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. LaufE 1979 = Faulkes, Anthony, ed. 1979. Edda Magnúsar Ólafssonar (Laufás Edda). RSÁM 13. Vol. I of Two Versions of Snorra Edda from the 17th Century. Reykjavík: Stofnun Árna Magnússonar, 1977-9.
  3. SnE 1998 = Snorri Sturluson. 1998. Edda: Skáldskaparmál. Ed. Anthony Faulkes. 2 vols. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  4. Internal references
  5. Edith Marold 2017, ‘Snorra Edda (Prologue, Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál)’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  6. (forthcoming), ‘ Snorri Sturluson, Skáldskaparmál’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. . <https://skaldic.org/m.php?p=text&i=112> (accessed 18 September 2021)
  7. Elena Gurevich 2017, ‘ Anonymous, Elds heiti’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 920. <https://skaldic.org/m.php?p=text&i=3234> (accessed 18 September 2021)
  8. Elena Gurevich 2017, ‘ Anonymous, Hesta heiti’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 935. <https://skaldic.org/m.php?p=text&i=3236> (accessed 18 September 2021)
  9. (forthcoming), ‘ Unattributed, Laufás Edda’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. . <https://skaldic.org/m.php?p=text&i=10928> (accessed 18 September 2021)
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