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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Himins heiti I — Þul Himins IIII

Anonymous Þulur

Elena Gurevich 2017, ‘ Anonymous, Himins heiti I’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 905. <https://skaldic.org/m.php?p=text&i=3217> (accessed 21 September 2021)

 

This is the first of two þulur (Þul Himins I-II) to contain names for ‘heaven’. It is recorded in mss R (main ms.), , C, A and B (and 744ˣ) of Skm (SnE). In some of the mss, the þula has the chapter headings Himins heiti ‘Names for heaven’ () or Heima heiti ‘Names for worlds’ (so A; in that ms., as in other instances, written in red ink). Unlike Þul Himins II and other poetic lists of heiti in the sequence of þulur composed in fornyrðislag, Þul Himins I is not a mere enumeration of heiti proper, but a poem in which the listed names (all proper names) are supplied with some brief explanations (cf. Anon Kálfv and Anon Þorgþ I-II), and it could be that it originally did not belong to the þulur but was taken from some other source. This assumption is possibly confirmed by the presence of the second þula of heiti for ‘heaven’, Þul Himins II, which is recorded in the same section of the þulur-sequence (although only in mss A and B; see Introduction to Anon Þulur). The latter þula contains almost all of the names listed in Þul Himins I and presents them in the same way as the other þulur. The consistent strophic division of Þul Himins I is found only in ms. A, where it is divided into three stanzas (ll. 1-6; 7-14; 15-22), each introduced with a capital letter: Níu … ; Annarr … (so also R); Grímr … With the exception of Andlangr (l. 8) and Hlýrnir (l. 13), none of the names for ‘heaven’ listed here occurs in other poetic sources than the þulur. In all mss, Þul Himins I is preceded by Þul Vargs and followed by Þul Sólar. Neither LaufE nor RE 1665 includes heiti from this þula.

References

  1. Internal references
  2. Edith Marold 2017, ‘Snorra Edda (Prologue, Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál)’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  3. (forthcoming), ‘ Snorri Sturluson, Skáldskaparmál’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. . <https://skaldic.org/m.php?p=text&i=112> (accessed 21 September 2021)
  4. Kari Ellen Gade 2017, ‘ Anonymous, Kálfsvísa’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 663. <https://skaldic.org/m.php?p=text&i=1044> (accessed 21 September 2021)
  5. Elena Gurevich 2017, ‘ Anonymous, Vargs heiti’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 902. <https://skaldic.org/m.php?p=text&i=3216> (accessed 21 September 2021)
  6. Elena Gurevich 2017, ‘ Anonymous, Sólar heiti’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 909. <https://skaldic.org/m.php?p=text&i=3218> (accessed 21 September 2021)
  7. Elena Gurevich 2017, ‘ Anonymous, Himins heiti II’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 916. <https://skaldic.org/m.php?p=text&i=3232> (accessed 21 September 2021)
  8. (forthcoming), ‘ Unattributed, Laufás Edda’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. . <https://skaldic.org/m.php?p=text&i=10928> (accessed 21 September 2021)
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