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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Vargs heiti — Þul VargsIII

Anonymous Þulur

Elena Gurevich 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Vargs heiti’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 902.


Vargr, ulfr, Geri,         vitnir ok hninnir, grádýri,
Hati, Hróðvitnir         ok heiðingi,
Freki ok viðnir,         Fenrir, hlébarðr,
Goti, gildr, glammi,         gylðir, ímarr,
ímr ok egðir         ok skolkinni.
‘Wolf, he-wolf, Geri, watcher and hninnir, grey-beast, Hati, Hróðvitnir and heath-dweller, Freki and forest-dweller, Fenrir, hlébarðr, Goti, worthy one, noisy one, howler, combatant, dusky one and edged one and dark-cheeked one.
Enn heitir svá         ylgr: vargynja,
borkn ok íma,         svimul.
‘Moreover a she-wolf is called this: she-wolf, boaster and dusky one, svimul.

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