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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Skipa heiti — Þul SkipaIII

Anonymous Þulur

Elena Gurevich 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Skipa heiti’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 861.

 

Nú mun ek skýra         of skipa heiti:
ǫrk, árakló,         askr, sessrúmnir,
skeið, skúta, skip         ok Skíðblaðnir,
nór, Naglfari,         nǫkkvi, snekkja.
 
‘Now I shall explain the names of ships: ark, oar-claw, ash, roomy-seater, warship, vessel, ship and Skíðblaðnir, nór, Naglfari, rowing boat, warship.
Byrðingr, búza,         barðkaldr ok hreinn,
bakki, hǫmlungr,         hélugbarði,
rǫst, bátr ok regg,         rǫð, Hringhornir,
lung, kjóll, langskip,         leifnir, karfi.
 
‘Freighter, merchant-ship, prow-cold one and reindeer, ferry, oar-strapped one, rimy-prowed one, rǫst, boat and regg, rǫð, Hringhornir, long-boat, barge, longship, leifnir, carvel.
Hringr, Gnóð, freki,         hrǫð, móðrói,
hemlir, barði         ok hylbauti,
ugla, leðja         ok askvitull,
kœna, ketla,         kati, reið ok Skalpr.
 
‘Ring, Gnóð, greedy one, swift one, fierce-rower, rowlock-strapped one, beaked one and depth-beater, ugla, lighter and askvitull, dinghy, ketla, kati, vehicle and Skálpr.
Knǫrr, kuggr, knúi,         keipull, eikja,
dreki, Elliði,         drómundr ok prámr,
fura, vigg, galeið,         ferja, skalda,
fley, flaust ok þekkr,         fartíðr ok lið.
 
‘Merchant-ship, cog, knuckle, coble, rowing boat, dragon, Elliði, dromon and prámr, fir, steed, galley, ferry, punt, ferry, floating one and pleasant one, travel-famous one and fleet.
Segl, skǫr, sigla,         sviðvíss, stýri,
sýjur, saumfǫr,         súð ok skautreip,
stag, stafn, stjórnvið,         stuðill ok sikulgjǫrð,
snotra ok sólborð,         sess, skutr ok strengr.
 
‘Sail, overlap, mast, clamp, steering-oar, clinchings, rivet-row, suture and sheet-rope, stay, stem, steering-tie, support and rope, weather-vane and sun-board, rowing-bench, stern and cable.
Sǫx, stœðingar,         sviptingr ok skaut,
spíkr, siglutré,         saumr, lokstolpar,
laukr, siglutoppr,         lína, eyru,
flaug, flaugarskegg         ok farnagli.
 
‘Bow-rails, braces, reef-point and sail’s corner, spike, mast-tree, nail, forecastle-supports, mast, mast-top, anchor-line, ears, flag, flag-beard and vessel-nail.
Húnn, húnbora         ok hjalmunvǫlr,
húfr, hlýr, hremni         ok halsstemni,
hefill, hals, hanki         ok hǫfuðbendur,
háir, hæll, hamarr,         hjalpreip ok lík.
 
‘Masthead, masthead-hole and tiller, hull, bow, fifth plank and hawse-stem, clew-line, hawse, hank and backstays, oarports, keel’s heel, hammer, help-rope and leech.
Rá, rakki, rif,         rengr ok hǫmlur,
vindáss, vengi,         vǫndr, langnefjur,
vǫlt, beitiáss,         varta, brandar,
bitar, bóglína,         bulkastokkar.
 
‘Yard, parrel, reef, ribs and oar-loops, windlass, cabin, wand, rowlock-pins, roller, tacking-boom, prow-carving, bows, transoms, bowline, bulk-heads.
Barð, kné, byrði,         belti ok kinnungr,
kjǫlborð, keili         ok kjǫlsýja,
kraptar, kerling,         klœr ok þoptur,
kalreip, þrimir,         klofar ok þiljur.
 
‘Prow, knee, boarding, belt and bow, keelboard, mast-wedge and garboard, bollards, keelson, claws and rowing-benches, tack, gunwales, cleats and decking.
Drengir, dragreip,         dæla, árar,
aktaumar, rœr,         arinn ok nálar,
aurborð, kjalarhæll         ok akkeri,
hnakkmiði, ausker         ok húnspænir.
 
‘Ties, halyard, dale, oars, braces, clinch-plates, arinn and needles, sand-strake, keel-heel and anchor, buoy-rope, bailer and crow’s nest.
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