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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Øxar heiti — Þul ØxarIII

Anonymous Þulur

Elena Gurevich 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Øxar heiti’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 813.


Øx, járnsparða         ok jarðhyrna,
skjáfa ok skeggja,         skráma ok genja,
reginspǫnn, Gnepja,         gýgr ok fála,
snaga ok búlda,         barða ok vígglǫð,
þveita ok þenja;         þá es arghyrna;
hon es øfst talið         øxar heita.
‘Axe, iron-axe and earth-horn, scraper and bearded one, skráma and gaper, mighty-span, Gnepja, ogress and troll-woman, spiked one and bulging one, whiskered one and battle-bright one, hewer and stretching one; then there is weak-horn; this is listed as the last of the names for axe.

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