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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sverða heiti — Þul SverðaIII

Anonymous Þulur

Elena Gurevich 2017, ‘ Anonymous, Sverða heiti’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 789. <https://skaldic.org/m.php?p=text&i=3194> (accessed 21 September 2021)

 

Ek mun segja         sverða heiti:
hjǫrr ok Hrotti,         hǫguðr, Dragvandill,
gróa, Gramr, gellir,         gjallr ok neðanskarðr,
sigðr ok Snyrtir,         sómi, skjómi.
 
‘I shall say the names of swords: sword and Hrotti, useful one, Dragvandill, growing one, Gramr, yeller, clamouring one and end-notched one, sickle and Snyrtir, honour, glimmer.
Skolkr, skerkir, stúfr,         Skrýmir, Laufi,
ǫltirr, langbarðr         ok ormþvari,
Leggbiti, kyrr, galmr         ok Leifnisgrand,
herberi, Hneitir         ok hræfrakki.
 
‘Frightener, noise-maker, stump, Skrýmir, Laufi, ale-blade, Lombardic [sword] and serpent-borer, Leggbiti, quiet one, clanging one and Leifnir’s injury, war-striker, Hneitir and carrion-spear.
Lotti, hrǫnduðr,         lǫgðir, mækir,
mǫnduðr, mundriði         ok Mistilteinn,
malmr, þrór ok marr         ok miðfáinn,
Fetbreiðr, grindlogi         ok Fjǫrsváfnir.
 
Lotti, thruster, stabber, blade, aimer, hand-swinger and Mistilteinn, metal, thriver and striker and one decorated in the middle, Fetbreiðr, gate-flame and Fjǫrsváfnir.
Vægir, veigarr,         vallangr ok brandr,
verulfr, valnir,         vindbjartr ok kvǫl,
askr, Angrvaðill,         eggjumskarpi,
svipuðr ok svipaljótr,         salgarðr, hnefi.
 
‘Wavy one, threaded one, corpse-long one and blade, man-wolf, chosen one, wind-bright one and torment, ash, Angrvaðill, edge-sharp one, swooper and ugly-swooping one, hall-fence, fist.
Hvati, hǫfuðhvessingr,         hausamølvir,
hræva-Gautr, herbrái         ok hold-Mímir,
bensœgr, brigðir,         Brimir, huglognir,
skyggðir, skreyfir,         skarðr, grindlogi.
 
‘Quick one, head-sharpener, crusher of skulls, Gautr of corpses, war-shining one and flesh-Mímir, wound-strip, fickle one, Brimir, clinch-failer, polished one, heaper, notched one, gate-flame.
Mímungr ok fellir         ok málvitnir,
taurarr, hrævarðr,         trani, vindþvari,
liðnir, Kvernbiti,         ljómi, herðir,
vitnir, yfrir,         veggjalestir.
 
‘Mímungr and feller and ornamented wolf, taurar, corpse-wrapped one, crane, wind-borer, one belonging to an army, Kvernbiti, brightness, hardened one, wolf, overcomer, damager of walls.
Skelkvingr, fylvingr,         flæmingr, skerðingr,
skotningr, Skilfingr,         Skǫfnungr, rifjungr,
brotningr, Hvítingr,         Bæsingr, Tyrfingr,
hœkingr ok hringr;         hittask mun nættingr.
 
‘Terrifier, fylvingr, chaser, notcher, shooter, Skilfingr, Skǫfnungr, tearer, broken one, Hvítingr, Bæsingr, Tyrfingr, hooked one and ring; one will come across night-bringer.
Logi ok mundgjallr,         langhvass ok eldr,
ǫrn ok œgir         ok naglfari,
brigðir, mǫrnir,         blær ok skerðir,
hyrr ok helsingr,         hríðir, atti.
 
‘Flame and hand-ringing one, long-sharp one and fire, eagle and frightener and nail-studded one, fickle one, crusher, blær and diminisher, blaze and long-neck, stormer, inciter.
Fellir, fǫlvir,         Fáfnir, raufnir,
ímnir, eimnir,         afspringr, þinurr,
sigðir, snyrtir,         svelgr, skarr ok nár,
Góinn, gest-Móinn         ok gárr, þrimarr, Níðhǫggr.
 
‘Feller, pale one, Fáfnir, piercer, battler, flamer, afspringr, fir, scythe, polisher, swallower, cutter and corpse, Góinn, guest-Móinn and rippled one, thunderer, Níðhǫggr.
Oddr, blóðvarta         ok benknúar,
blóðrefill, blóðvarp         ok blóðiða,
blóðvaka, ljúgfengr         ok blóðhnefi,
iðvarp ok brandr,         eggteinar, folk.
 
‘Point, blóðvarta and wound-knuckles, sword-point, blood-warp and blood-eddy, blood-wake, fail-striking one and blood-fist, repeated-warp and blade, edge-rims, army.
Emjar, þremjar         ok Ǫlrøðarnautr,
merki, véttrim         ok missifengr,
ónn ok skafningr,         undirdregningr,
vargr ok Kaldhamarsnautr,         valbǫst ok herðr.
 
‘Howls, cutters and Ǫlrøðr’s gift, mark, battle-rim and mis-hitting one, ónn and polished one, under-drawn one, wolf and Kaldhamarr’s gift, sword-hilt panel and shoulder.
Sverð ok gelmingr         ok samnagli,
hugró, sigrhnoð,         hjalt ok tangi,
mundriðr, hǫggstaðr         ok meðalkafli.
 
‘Sword and clamourer and link-rivet, clinch-plate, victory-knob, hilt and tang, hand-waver, strike-place and middle-stick.
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