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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Poem about Haraldr harðráði — Valg HarII

Valgarðr á Velli

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Valgarðr á Velli, Poem about Haraldr harðráði’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 300-10.

 

The eleven sts and helmingar below are attributed to Valgarðr in all sources. They belong to a poem about Haraldr harðráði (Valg Har) and the extant portions commemorate Haraldr’s military exploits in Byzantium (sts 1-4), his return from Russia to Scandinavia (st. 5), his harrying in Denmark with Sveinn Úlfsson (st. 6-9) and his subsequent return to Norway (sts 10-11). Stanzas 2-3, which are recorded only in SnE, do not contain specific information that allows for an attribution to Har, but because they describe the destruction of a stronghold by fire, it is likely that they commemorate Haraldr’s campaigns in the Mediterranean (see Fidjestøl 1982, 42, 144, 173). The sequence of sts presents no problem and follows the order of events described in the prose texts.

Stanzas 1-3 are transmitted in mss R, , U, A, B and C of SnE (Skm). Stanza 4 is recorded in Fsk (FskBˣ, FskAˣ), and sts 5-11 are found in Mork (Mork), H-Hr (H, Hr) and Fsk (FskBˣ, FskAˣ). Mss , 39, F, E, J2ˣ of Hkr contain sts 5-9, and Flat (Flat) has sts 6, 10-11. Stanza 11/1-4 is also recorded in mss R, , A, B, C of SnE (Skm). Because B is difficult to read, AM 744 4°ˣ (744ˣ), an early C18th copy of B by Jón Ólafsson, has been consulted selectively for sts 1-3, 11.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Fidjestøl, Bjarne. 1982. Det norrøne fyrstediktet. Universitet i Bergen Nordisk institutts skriftserie 11. Øvre Ervik: Alvheim & Eide.
  3. Internal references
  4. Edith Marold 2017, ‘Snorra Edda (Prologue, Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál)’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  5. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Heimskringla (Hkr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  6. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘Flateyjarbók (Flat)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clxi-clxii.
  7. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘Fagrskinna (Fsk)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clix-clxi.
  8. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Hulda and Hrokkinskinna (H-Hr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  9. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Morkinskinna (Mork)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  10. Not published: do not cite (SkmIII)
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Information about a text: poem, sequence of stanzas, or prose work

This page is used for different resources. For groups of stanzas such as poems, you will see the verse text and, where published, the translation of each stanza. These are also links to information about the individual stanzas.

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