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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Drápa about Haraldr harðráði — Bǫlv HardrII

Bǫlverkr Arnórsson

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Bǫlverkr Arnórsson, Drápa about Haraldr harðráði’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 286-93.

 

The eight sts of Bǫlverkr’s drápa about Haraldr harðráði (Bǫlv Hardr) are all preserved in H-Hr (H, Hr). Stanzas 1-2 and 7-8 are recorded in Hkr (, 39, F, E, J2ˣ), sts 1-3, 7-8 in Flat (Flat), sts 1, 7-8 in Fsk (FskBˣ (sts 1, 7 only), FskAˣ), sts 7-8 in Mork (Mork) and st. 1 in ÓH (Holm2, 972ˣ, 321ˣ, 73aˣ, Holm4, 325VII (l. 1), 325V, 61, Tóm, Bb). Stanza 8/1-4 is also found in mss R, , A and C of SnE (Skm). Stanzas 1-3 must have been part of Mork, which has a lacuna here. In Mork 1928-32 and Andersson and Gade 2000, the missing text has been supplied from Flat. According to the prose texts, the sts belong to a drápa about Haraldr harðráði: svꜽ segir Bölverkr skáld í drápu þeirri, er hann orti um Harald konúng ‘Bǫlverkr skáld says this in the drápa that he composed about King Haraldr’ (Fms 6, 131; so also ÓH 1941, I, 581). Bǫlverkr is named as the poet of all sts in all versions (except that Fsk attributes st. 1 to ‘Valgarðr af Velli’ (Valg); ÍF 29, 227). The order of the sts is chronological and follows the sequence of events described in the prose texts. Hardr commemorates events that occurred between 1030 (the battle of Stiklestad; st. 1) and 1048 (Haraldr’s campaign to Denmark after the death of Magnús inn góði; st. 8). Throughout the poem, Bǫlverkr addresses Haraldr directly, so this is clearly not a memorial poem but composed during Haraldr’s life-time.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Fms = Sveinbjörn Egilsson et al., eds. 1825-37. Fornmanna sögur eptir gömlum handritum útgefnar að tilhlutun hins norræna fornfræða fèlags. 12 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  3. Andersson, Theodore M. and Kari Ellen Gade, trans. 2000. Morkinskinna: The Earliest Icelandic Chronicle of the Norwegian Kings (1030-1157). Islandica 51. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.
  4. ÓH 1941 = Johnsen, Oscar Albert and Jón Helgason, eds. 1941. Saga Óláfs konungs hins helga: Den store saga om Olav den hellige efter pergamenthåndskrift i Kungliga biblioteket i Stockholm nr. 2 4to med varianter fra andre håndskrifter. 2 vols. Det norske historiske kildeskriftfond skrifter 53. Oslo: Dybwad.
  5. Mork 1928-32 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1928-32. Morkinskinna. SUGNL 53. Copenhagen: Jørgensen.
  6. ÍF 29 = Ágrip af Nóregskonunga sǫgum; Fagrskinna—Nóregs konungatal. Ed. Bjarni Einarsson. 1985.
  7. Internal references
  8. Edith Marold 2017, ‘Snorra Edda (Prologue, Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál)’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  9. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Heimskringla (Hkr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  10. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘Flateyjarbók (Flat)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clxi-clxii.
  11. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘The Separate Saga of S. Óláfr / Óláfs saga helga in sérstaka (ÓH)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clxxvi-clxxix.
  12. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘Fagrskinna (Fsk)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clix-clxi.
  13. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Hulda and Hrokkinskinna (H-Hr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  14. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Morkinskinna (Mork)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  15. Not published: do not cite (SkmIII)
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