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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Forað Lv 5VIII (Ket 25)

[All]: All the threats that Forað utters in this stanza have parallels in the behaviour of giants as depicted in other texts: thus the giant Þjazi prevents the fire, which the three gods Óðinn, Hœnir and Loki kindle in a cooking-pit, from roasting an ox, until they promise him the choice portion of the meat (Þjóð Haustl 2-6III; SnE 1998, I, 1). In both cases the fire (and the cooking-pit) are referred to as seyðir (LP: seyðir, cf. l. 1 and the runic spell Run N B252VI). Giants grapple with their opponents and crush them in their grasp (cf. the threat against Atli which the giantess Hrímgerðr utters in HHj 22 (see Kommentar IV, 506-7 to HHj 22/4-5 and HjǪ 18-19).


  1. Bibliography
  2. LP = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1931. Lexicon poeticum antiquæ linguæ septentrionalis: Ordbog over det norsk-islandske skjaldesprog oprindelig forfattet af Sveinbjörn Egilsson. 2nd edn. Copenhagen: Møller.
  3. Kommentar = von See, Klaus et al. 1997-. Kommentar zu den Liedern der Edda. 6 vols (continuing). Heidelberg: Winter.
  4. SnE 1998 = Snorri Sturluson. 1998. Edda: Skáldskaparmál. Ed. Anthony Faulkes. 2 vols. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  5. Internal references
  6. Not published: do not cite ()
  7. Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.) 2017, ‘Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Haustlǫng 2’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 434.
  8. Richard L. Harris (ed.) 2017, ‘Hjálmþés saga ok Ǫlvis 18 (Hergunnr, Lausavísur 2)’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 510.


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