Cookies on our website

We use cookies on this website, mainly to provide a secure browsing experience but also to collect statistics on how the website is used. You can find out more about the cookies we set, the information we store and how we use it on the cookies page.



Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

Menu Search

Note to Hildr Lv 1I

[1] nafna Nefju ‘Nefja’s namesake [= Hrólfr]’: Nefja ‘Nose’ was the nickname of Hildr’s father, Hrólfr, and her son was named after his grandfather. The name Hrólfr originally meant ‘glory-wolf’ (*Hrōþuwolfaʀ > *Hrōðwolfʀ > Hrólfr; see ANG §228 Anm.). It is unclear whether the original meaning of the name would still have been discernible at the time when the stanza was composed, but it certainly would have been in keeping with the ‘wolf-outlaw’ imagery in this stanza. For ‘wolf’ = ‘outlaw’ in Germanic literature, see Jacoby (1974).


  1. Bibliography
  2. ANG = Noreen, Adolf. 1923. Altnordische Grammatik I: Altisländische und altnorwegische Grammatik (Laut- und Flexionslehre) unter Berücksichtigung des Urnordischen. 4th edn. Halle: Niemeyer. 1st edn. 1884. 5th unrev. edn. 1970. Tübingen: Niemeyer.
  3. Jacoby, Michael. 1974. Wargus, vargr ‘Verbrecher’ ‘Wolf’: Eine sprach- und rechtsgeschichtliche Untersuchung. Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis: Studia Germanistica Upsaliensia 12. Uppsala: Almqvist & Wiksell.


Log in

This service is only available to members of the relevant projects, and to purchasers of the skaldic volumes published by Brepols.
This service uses cookies. By logging in you agree to the use of cookies on your browser.