Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to BjKálfs Lv 1II

[1] fant ‘servant’: Fantr can mean both ‘servant’ and ‘tramp’ (see Fritzner: fantr 1-2), but the juxtaposition with matsveinn ‘cook’ (l. 8) makes the former sense more likely in this instance. The word is a loanword from MLG vant ‘servant, rogue’ (see AEW: fantr), and this is the earliest recorded occurrence of it and the only time it is used in ON poetry.


  1. Bibliography
  2. AEW = Vries, Jan de. 1962. Altnordisches etymologisches Wörterbuch. 2nd rev. edn. Rpt. 1977. Leiden: Brill.
  3. Fritzner = Fritzner, Johan. 1883-96. Ordbog over det gamle norske sprog. 3 vols. Kristiania (Oslo): Den norske forlagsforening. 4th edn. Rpt. 1973. Oslo etc.: Universitetsforlaget.


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