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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Sturl Hryn 12II

[5] almenningr ‘all people’: It is hard to determine whether almenningr means ‘general levy’ or simply ‘people’. Both meanings are possible (see CVC: almenning 3, 4; Fritzner: almenningr 3, 4; ONP: almenningr 4, 5). LP translates almenningr as det samlede udbud (til leding), den samlede krigerskare ‘the general conscription (for the levy), the gathered army’. Jesch (2001a, 196) pointed out that the term almenningr is used in the later Norw. laws for the general levy that the king could call up if needed. Finnur Jónsson (Skj B) chose the more general meaning alle mand ‘all people’ and this edn follows his interpretation.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj B = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15b. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. B: Rettet tekst. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1973. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. LP = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1931. Lexicon poeticum antiquæ linguæ septentrionalis: Ordbog over det norsk-islandske skjaldesprog oprindelig forfattet af Sveinbjörn Egilsson. 2nd edn. Copenhagen: Møller.
  4. CVC = Cleasby, Richard, Gudbrand Vigfusson [Guðbrandur Vigfússon] and W. A. Craigie. 1957. An Icelandic-English Dictionary. 2nd edn. Oxford: Clarendon.
  5. Jesch, Judith. 2001a. Ships and Men in the Late Viking Age: The Vocabulary of Runic Inscriptions and Skaldic Verse. Woodbridge: Boydell.
  6. Fritzner = Fritzner, Johan. 1883-96. Ordbog over det gamle norske sprog. 3 vols. Kristiania (Oslo): Den norske forlagsforening. 4th edn. Rpt. 1973. Oslo etc.: Universitetsforlaget.
  7. ONP = Degnbol, Helle et al., eds. 1989-. A Dictionary of Old Norse Prose / Ordbog over det norrøne prosasprog. 1-. Copenhagen: The Arnamagnæan Commission.

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