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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Anon Lil 91VII

[6] klökk ‘tender’: Cf. klökkum hug ‘pliable spirit’ 2/3, hold er klökt ‘flesh is weak’ 54/6, and klökkur, hræddr ‘contrite, afraid’ 79/7. The adj. can be construed either with Máría or with tárin. Finnur Jónsson’s translation in Skj B reflects the former possibility, LP the latter. Paasche’s translation construes with Máría (1915, 91), while Páll Hallsson (Holm papp 23 folˣ, 13r), Finnur Jónsson (1772-8, II, 443), Eiríkur Magnússon (1870, 93), and Meissner (1922, 33) all construe klökk with tárin. Kock (NN §3316) argues that this is the only possibility, as it would be unthinkable for the triumphant queen of heaven to look upon the sinner’s tears with dejection. JH, who tends to prefer Finnur Jónsson’s translation, comments that klökk has nothing to do with dejection and that Kock has misconstrued the image.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj B = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15b. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. B: Rettet tekst. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1973. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. NN = Kock, Ernst Albin. 1923-44. Notationes Norrœnæ: Anteckningar till Edda och skaldediktning. Lunds Universitets årsskrift new ser. 1. 28 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. LP = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1931. Lexicon poeticum antiquæ linguæ septentrionalis: Ordbog over det norsk-islandske skjaldesprog oprindelig forfattet af Sveinbjörn Egilsson. 2nd edn. Copenhagen: Møller.
  5. Finnur Jónsson [Finnus Iohannaeus]. 1772-8. Historia Ecclesiastica Islandiae. 4 vols. Copenhagen.
  6. Meissner, Rudolf, trans. 1922. Die Lilie: Dichtung von Eysteinn Ásgrímsson. Bonn and Leipzig: Schroeder.


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