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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Þstf Stuttdr 7II

[2] harðmóðigr ‘extremely stirred’: This word (usually rendered as harðmóðugr with a different grade of ablaut in the suffix) is attested in the meaning ‘hostile’ (see Fritzner: harðmóðugr; Akv 13/6 in NK 242) which is at odds with the prose text (see NN §2990D). Harðmóðugr is synonymous with harðhugaðr ‘hostile’ which also occurs in the meaning ‘agitated, moved, stirred’ (Fritzner: harðmóðugr; harðhugaðr), and móðugr and harðhugaðr ‘agitated, moved, stirred’ are used synonymously in Guðr I, 5/3-6 (NK 202). From the prose context it is clear that the Mork redactor must have understood harðmóðigr in this sense. It is likely, however, that remaining, now lost, ll. of the helmingr contained information that would have shed light on the use of this word.


  1. Bibliography
  2. NN = Kock, Ernst Albin. 1923-44. Notationes Norrœnæ: Anteckningar till Edda och skaldediktning. Lunds Universitets årsskrift new ser. 1. 28 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  3. Fritzner = Fritzner, Johan. 1883-96. Ordbog over det gamle norske sprog. 3 vols. Kristiania (Oslo): Den norske forlagsforening. 4th edn. Rpt. 1973. Oslo etc.: Universitetsforlaget.
  4. NK = Neckel, Gustav and Hans Kuhn (1899), eds. 1983. Edda: Die Lieder des Codex Regius nebst verwandten Denkmälern. 2 vols. I: Text. 5th edn. Heidelberg: Winter.
  5. Internal references
  6. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Morkinskinna (Mork)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  7. Not published: do not cite ()


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