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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Anon Andr 2VII

[2] með bandi ‘with a bond’: Accounts of Andrew’s crucifixion generally agree that he was bound, rather than nailed, to his cross (see Cross 1979, 170). There is a detailed description in the Passio Sancti Andreae apostoli 10 (Bonnet 1898, 23/8-4/2), rendered in Andr2A 378/37-9/4: Þá reiddiz Egeas ok bauð ath krossfesta skylldi heilagan Andream sva firirsegiandi kveliarum, at þeir skylldi binda hendr hans ok fætr ꜳ krossinum ok þenia hann ut sva sem i stagli, en negla hann eigi, sva at hann dæi skiott, helldr at hann pindiz langri kvǫl ‘Then Aegeas became angry and ordered that the holy Andrew should be crucified, dictating to the torturers thus, that they should bind his hands and feet to the cross and stretch him out as if on a rack, but not to nail him so that he would die quickly; rather so that he would be tortured by long drawn-out torment’ (cf. Andr1Frg656 347/6-8, 30; Andr SÁM 1 398/28-31, 399/10; Andr4 409/35-39, 410/26-27). The same detail is retained in the brief Postulatal in Ms. Holm perg. fol. nr. 5, 59va/31-4, where it is recorded that Andres postoli uar krossfestr j borg þeire er Pátrás heitir ... hann uar pindr under uallde Egéé jarls ok uar bundinn ꜳ kross ‘The Apostle Andrew was crucified in the town called Patras ... he was tortured at the command of Earl Aegeas and was bound onto a cross’ (Foote 1976, 154). The brief lists of the ‘fates of the Apostles’ in AM 764 4°, 16v/20 and AM 660 4°, 23v (Foote 1976, 153) record simply that Andrew was krossfestr. Cf. Note to Alpost 3/2.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Cross, James E. 1979. ‘Cynewulf’s traditions about the apostles in Fates of the Apostles’. ASE 8, 163-75.
  3. Andr SÁM 1 = Andréss saga postula. In Unger 1874, 3899-4047.
  4. Internal references
  5. Ian McDougall (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Allra postula minnisvísur 3’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 856-7.
  6. Not published: do not cite ()


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