þram-Val ‘rim Valr <horse>’: The cpd is hap. leg., but Valr is named in Anon Kálfv 2/1III as the horse of one Vésteinn, and appears very frequently in ship-kennings (see LP: Valr 2). The word is clearly related to valr, cognate with the first element in OE wealhhafoc ‘hawk, falcon’ (AEW: valr 2). The ornithological resonances shared by the two ship-kennings in this st. make for an interesting parallelism between the helmingar.
- AEW = Vries, Jan de. 1962. Altnordisches etymologisches Wörterbuch. 2nd rev. edn. Rpt. 1977. Leiden: Brill.
- LP = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1931. Lexicon poeticum antiquæ linguæ septentrionalis: Ordbog over det norsk-islandske skjaldesprog oprindelig forfattet af Sveinbjörn Egilsson. 2nd edn. Copenhagen: Møller.
- Internal references
- Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2017, ‘Anonymous Þulur, Kálfsvísa 2’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 666.