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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Gamlkan Has 62VII

[6] kost ‘circumstance’: Jón Helgason (1935-6, 262) objects to the ms. reading here, on the ground that kostr ‘condition, circumstance’ is usually only used of positive circumstances. He suggests an emendation to lǫst, acc. sing. of lǫstr m. ‘fault, flaw’. However, as Black (1971, 295) notes, Fritzner: kostr gives examples of the morally neutral meaning ‘situation, circumstance’, which is followed in the translation here.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Black, Elizabeth L. 1971. ‘Harmsól: an edition’. B. Litt. thesis. University of Oxford.
  3. Fritzner = Fritzner, Johan. 1883-96. Ordbog over det gamle norske sprog. 3 vols. Kristiania (Oslo): Den norske forlagsforening. 4th edn. Rpt. 1973. Oslo etc.: Universitetsforlaget.
  4. Jón Helgason. 1935-6. ‘Til skjaldedigtningen’. APS 10, 250-64.


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