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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Gestumbl Heiðr 6VIII (Heiðr 53)

[4] *öldum ‘men’: All the mss have a word meaning ‘men’ here, ýtum in the case of R715ˣ and hölðum in all the others, which lacks alliteration with the following line. Mss 281ˣ and 597bˣ achieve the alliteration with hjörð ‘herd’ for jörð in l. 5, but this makes little sense. Most eds, as here, emend to öldum. Cf. Hym 22/2 (NK 92): sá er ǫldom bergr ‘that one who protects men’, referring to the god Þórr in his fight with Miðgarðsormr. Kock retains hǫlðum and emends jörð to hjarl ‘land’ (Skald; NN §2361), which produces the desired meaning but is without ms. justification.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  3. NN = Kock, Ernst Albin. 1923-44. Notationes Norrœnæ: Anteckningar till Edda och skaldediktning. Lunds Universitets årsskrift new ser. 1. 28 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. NK = Neckel, Gustav and Hans Kuhn (1899), eds. 1983. Edda: Die Lieder des Codex Regius nebst verwandten Denkmälern. 2 vols. I: Text. 5th edn. Heidelberg: Winter.
  5. Internal references
  6. Not published: do not cite ()


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