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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Bjǫrn Lv 1VIII (Frið 9)

[3] baugvara ‘a ring-bearer [WOMAN]’: Or possibly ‘a ring-adorner’. This hap. leg. cpd is treated as a woman-kenning, but the meaning of the second element is uncertain. Mss 568ˣ and 27ˣ have the p. p. -varið which would make better sense, if the second element derives from verja ‘wrap, dress, adorn’ (cf. HHund II 35/7, NK 158, brúðr baugvarið ‘woman adorned with rings’), and this reading is adopted in Skj B and Skald, though the end-rhyme with fara (l. 4) is then lost. The cpd in -vara may be a secondary formation derived from -varið.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj B = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15b. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. B: Rettet tekst. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1973. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. NK = Neckel, Gustav and Hans Kuhn (1899), eds. 1983. Edda: Die Lieder des Codex Regius nebst verwandten Denkmälern. 2 vols. I: Text. 5th edn. Heidelberg: Winter.


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