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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Anon (Vǫls) 5VIII (Vǫls 25)

[4] hnípaði ‘drooped with grief’: Most eds, following an original suggestion by Björner (cf. NK 323 n.), have emended the ms.’s hnípaði to hnipnaði, on the grounds that the verb hnípa ‘let one’s head hang, be downcast, sad or sorrowful’ is unlikely to have a 3rd pers. pret. sg. form hnípaði. While it is true that the 3rd pers. sg. pret. hnípti has been recorded several times both in prose and poetry (cf. ONP: hnípa; Anon Óldr 25/5I), one cannot entirely rule out an alternate form hnípaði. The closely related verb hnipna, with the same meaning, occurs only in poetry of the Codex Regius dealing with the Volsung legends, and only in the 3rd pers. sg. pret. hnipnaði (so Sigsk 13/2, Guðr II 7/1 (both instances of Gunnarr) and Guðr II 5/5 of the horse Grani). Hnipna is not listed in ONP.


  1. Bibliography
  2. NK = Neckel, Gustav and Hans Kuhn (1899), eds. 1983. Edda: Die Lieder des Codex Regius nebst verwandten Denkmälern. 2 vols. I: Text. 5th edn. Heidelberg: Winter.
  3. ONP = Degnbol, Helle et al., eds. 1989-. A Dictionary of Old Norse Prose / Ordbog over det norrøne prosasprog. 1-. Copenhagen: The Arnamagnæan Commission.
  4. Internal references
  5. Kate Heslop (ed.) 2012, ‘Anonymous Poems, Óláfs drápa Tryggvasonar 25’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1056.
  6. Not published: do not cite ()
  7. Not published: do not cite ()


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