stǫng ‘standard-pole’: A stǫng may be any kind of a pole (Whaley 2005b), but here it refers to that which carries the king’s battle-standard (Jesch 2001a, 253-4) or possibly the standard itself; see also sts 11/4, 12/3 below.
- Jesch, Judith. 2001a. Ships and Men in the Late Viking Age: The Vocabulary of Runic Inscriptions and Skaldic Verse. Woodbridge: Boydell.
- Whaley, Diana. 2005b. ‘The Semantics of stöng/stang’. In Gammeltoft et al. 2005, 244-70.