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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to ÞKolb Eirdr 4I

[8] hrauð ‘cleared’: The object of the verb is the ships, since þærflestar ‘most of which’ refers back to l. 4 skeiðar Dana ‘warships of the Danes’. Rauð ‘reddened (with blood)’, the reading of all the Hkr mss except J1ˣ, is also possible, though it normally takes a term for a weapon (usually a sword) as its object. Further, ms. ‘rauð’ for hrauð is common, and Jesch (2001a, 211) lists several other instances of hrjóða used in similar contexts, where ships are cleared of their men. The reading of the ÓT mss and J1ˣ is therefore clearly preferable.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Jesch, Judith. 2001a. Ships and Men in the Late Viking Age: The Vocabulary of Runic Inscriptions and Skaldic Verse. Woodbridge: Boydell.
  3. Internal references
  4. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Heimskringla (Hkr)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].
  5. Diana Whaley 2012, ‘The Greatest Saga of Óláfr Tryggvason / Óláfs saga Tryggvasonar in mesta (ÓT)’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. clxiii-clxvi.


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