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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to ESk Geisl 65VII

[5] gervis himna ‘of the maker of the heavens’: A kenning for Christ, the creative word through whom God made the universe (Heb. I.1-2). The image of Christ as creator occurs frequently in hymns; Einarr would have known, e.g., Conditor alme siderum (AH 51, 46; Ordo Nidr., 131, 133, 135, 137-41, 144-5, 149-50); Regni cælestis conditor (AH 51, 3); Christe, cælorum conditor (AH 51, 41). Cf. also Mark Frag 1III.


  1. Bibliography
  2. AH = Dreves, G. M., C. Blume and H. M. Bannister, eds. 1886-1922. Analecta hymnica medii aeui. 55 vols. Leipzig: Reisland. Rpt. 1961. New York: Johnson.
  3. Internal references
  4. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2017, ‘Markús Skeggjason, Fragments 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 293.


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